How is us foreign policy made?

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How did the cold war affect US foreign policy?

Since the start of the cold war, the epic battle against communism has had a tremendous impact on U.S. foreign policy. The resulting arms race and nuclear proliferation had made a direct confrontation between the United States and the FSU (former Soviet Union) or Russian Republics a catastrophe. However, the enmity between the East and West was vented in another way that became a hallmark of the Cold War: vicarious combat. A fixture of cold war politics was the situation in which the superpowers would square off using third-world proxies, rather than direct confrontation. An excellent example is the (first) Afghanistan war, in which the Soviets fought fiercely against the Afghanis, who were supplied and trained by the United States. Another example is the Cuban Missile Crisis, when Khrushchev used Cuba to harass the United States by deploying Russian ballistic missiles to the island nation. The U.S. support for the Contrarevolucionistas (Contras) was also staged to square off in a chess match against the Soviets, using third-world pawns. The recurring theme throughout the classical Cold War period was one of suspicion and divisiveness on the part of both superpowers; the ultimate end of this maneuvering was to draw more nations into their own respective orbits. This chess game resulted in many persistent features of our modern world, which continue to affect U.S. foreign policy today, and cause persistent diplomatic headaches. Examples include the creation of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as a collective security organization united against the Russian bloc, Warsaw Pact nations, as well as the spread of global communism. Despite Russia and China's evolution beyond the pure Communist ideology of their past, today Cuba's Fidel Castro and Bolivia's Hugo Chavez offer perpetual challenges to be managed. Further, many modern foreign policy snarls can be traced back to their roots during the cold war, when the United States was more concerned about keeping smaller nations out of Moscow's orbit than of nurturing lasting, moral, functioning governments. Thus, by having sown the seeds of despotism, America continues today to find new dilemmas in coping with governments which it hand a hand in creating. Manuel Noriega was a prime example of an American-minted problem dictator. Ultimately, the result of the Cold War, from embargoed Cuba to Russia's iron curtain, to the Berlin Wall, was a foreign policy that seemed something of a throw-back to earlier strategies of American isolationism. Today, citing China's Most Favored trading partner status, and the good relations between the U.S. and Russia, the strategy of a winner-take-all battle against the East seems to have been abandoned. Instead, modern America seems to acknowledge that shutting out the enemy only spurns and motivates him; Rather, the way to an enemy's heart is through his wallet. Globalization is the key to bringing rivals to the bargaining table. It's a case of the carrot working better than the stick.

Describe US foreign policy after World War 1?

After World War 1, the United States foreign policy was largelyisolationist. This meant that the United States did not join theLeague of Nations and felt that it would produce American troops toregional European conflicts. The United States created a partialisolation and shun membership to international organizations.

Does the President determine US foreign policy?

Answer . Largely yes, but he cannot make treaties without the consent of the Senate, and of course any foreign policy decision requiring financial appropriations will need support in Congress.

What are the goals of US foreign policy?

Foreign policy is all the strategies and goals that guide anation's dealings with other countries.

Who directs foreign policy in the US?

The President directs, and the day to day operations of policy are in the hands of the Secretary of State.

The ''big stick'' policy was the foreign policy of the us president?

The Big Stick policy was that of President Theodore Roosevelt. Itessentially meant, the United States was willing to engage indiplomacy, but if it became necessary, it would also engagemilitarily. Roosevelt claimed the term came from a West Africanproverb "Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far."

What are the goals of the US foreign policy?

The US foreign policy is aimed at promoting cordial relations withother countries. It is also meant to ensure that security ismaintained both inside and outside the US.

What was the US foreign policy during the Persian Gulf War?

The US Navy monitored the Persian Gulf during the Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988. The only casualties was when an Iraqi missile struck the USS Stark (Frigate) killing over 30 US Sailors, and nearly sinking the ship.

What was Presidents Washington's position on foreign policy for the US?

In Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793, he declared the United States as being neutral in the conflict between Great Britain and France. In general, Washington adivised against any permanent foreign alliances, which he saw to be constricting and burdensome. However, he did favor "temporary alliances" for extreme emergencies.

What was the us foreign policy after Vietnam war?

Vietnam was now in the same category as the other communist nations, and treated accordingly.

Which foreign policy action by President Kennedy made the US appear weak and incompetent?

The Bay of Pigs invasion caused President Kennedy to come across asinexperienced and didn't show the country in a strong light. Theattempt at the overthrow of Fidel Castro came across as half-bakedand incompetent, and directed caused the Cuban Missile Crisis.

What was the impact of Vietnam war on the US foreign policy?

If the US could and would (or would) stand up to a physical move on the part of the communists.

Did the foreign policy of the US cause the Holocaust?

This is the first time I've heard this suggestion, so it would be helpful if you would give the background to this question - for example, if would say where you encountered this idea.

What is NATO and how does it fit into the us foreign policy?

NATO - is a mutual defense treaty between the U.S.A., Canada, and thenations of Europe

Does religion have a lot to do with us foreign policy?

No. That would be contrary to the concept of the separation of church and state.

Who is the chief US foreign policy advisor?

The Secretary of State ,who currently is Hillary Clinton, serves as the chief foreign policy adviser to the President.

What was the foreign policy in the US in the 1800s?

The Monroe Doctrine set the tone for American foreign policy in 1823. It was a notice to the world that we, as the United States, would not tolerate foreign intervention into our new claim as a country. In other words, we are here and we reserve the first right to the areas around our existing territory. Native Americans were not included or considered in this unilateral decision. Since Native Americans did not understand the concept of land ownership or the concept of title or entitlement, and since they were also effectively considered savages by the religious segment the new country, they were without recourse, effectively denied the right to claim the land they lived on as their own. This is how the United States came to be after British control was overthrown.

What is NATO and how does it fit into US foreign policy?

NATO stands for North Atlantic Treat Organization. This treaty wassigned by the United States and other countries. The terms of thetreaty state that each country that signs agrees to protect all ofthe others that sign.

Why is it important for the US to have a foreign policy?

Because in case were in war we have people to help us and we can get food from other countries that we cant grow in the winter.

Who is the chief initiator of foreign policy in the us?

The President - Barrack Obama (Currently true as of May 5, 2013) (Justifiable by the AP US Government Exam)

How do you write a paragraph about US foreign policy?

WikiAnswers will not write your paragraph for you, but we WILL help you learn how to do it yourself! Click on the Related Questions for even more information. . Write sentences the way you speak - just pretend you are telling this to a friend, and write down what you would say. What would you tell them about this topic? Look up some facts about foreign policy! How would you explain these facts to your friend? . If you just start writing, you will be through with your assignment before you know it!

What foreign policy will the US have about Mexico?

Economic and political interventionism when required, blackmail if needed. Armed invasion is a last resort, but it is not off the table.

What was the us foreign policy from 1783-1823?

George Washington's Foreign Policy: Although United States had established peace from Great Britain from The Treaty of Paris of 1783 it was still unstable. Washington worked towards gaining the United States Stability. Washington sent Thomas Pinckney to talk to Spain in order for the United States to be able to sent ships to the Mississippi river, which was south of the border created by the Treaty of Paris. Once Pinckney returned, he had accomplished to create a treaty that allowed the U.S. the right to use the Mississippi river and the right to drop off items at New Orleans. During this time, John Jay was sent to talk to the British. Great Britain had stated that it would not obey the Treaty of Paris until the United States paid all of its debts to Britain. Jay returned with a Jay Treaty, which stated that British agreed to leave the post, but U.S. ships were not allowed to trade for sugar or molasses with the West Indies. Washington wanted to avoid war with Great Britain to all extent. He denied the French help during the French revolution. By avoiding war, Washington was able to make the U.S. government grow strong and obtain stability. John Adams' Foreign Policy: Adams followed the guidelines of Washington by avoiding war at all means. The French aided the United States in 1778 with a victory over Great Britain during the Revolutionary War. By this happening, the U.S. promised to only make treaties that have been approved by France. Since the French had helped the U.S. with the Revolutionary war, they expected help from the U.S. After the Jay treaty, in 1797, French began attacking U.S. ships on the sea. In order to try and prevent war, Adams sent commissioners to France to gain peace. The commissioners were denied the right to go and speak with the Foreign Minister, and had to go back home without any negations. Adams then sent an envoy to France and finally gained peace on September 30th 1800. Although Adams was able to prevent the first American War, he was seen as too liberal because of the fact that he didn't aide France with their Revolutionary war. Thomas Jefferson's Foreign Policy: During Jefferson's time in office, France declared war on Europe while Britain declared war on France. Having all of this war, the amount of trade was lowering which caused oppression on the United States. Napoleon created a blockade of Great Britain, and then Great Britain created a blockade of Europe. These blockades were not very sufficient, but during the process 1500 American ships were abducted and the sailors were forced into the British navy. From this happening, Jefferson ordered the Embargo Act, which ended the trading with foreign countries from U.S. merchants. This act was used in order to keep the U.S. out of war by keeping American ships away from the blockades. This act was not obeyed entirely because many Americans would smuggle goods to different ports. In 1809, the act was discarded but was then replaced by the Non-Intercourse Act, which stated that Americans could trade with foreign nations other then the nations in Europe. This act still failed to keep American ships out of the European ports. James Madison's Foreign Policy: The war of 1812 began to break out between Great Britain and American. America was trying to gain more land into Canada. The first battle was at the United States and Canada border. The winner was unknown until British attacked Washington D.C. and burned it to the ground. At this time, Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the beginning of the Star Spangled Banner at Fort McHenry. The ending of the war was still unknown. The Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1816, which didn't give any peace, or change in land. The only victory that came out of this battle was the fact that Europe realized that the United States was officially an established country on its own. Jame's Monroe's Foreign Policy: During Monroe's time in office, Europe remained passive, which allowed Monroe to not have to worry about Europe. America was now looking into expanding its boarders because of the fact that it was constantly growing and needed more room for creation. In 1818, the army, led by Andrew Jackson had pushed Indians deep into Florida. Since Jackson had taken the Pensacola, Monroe then had no choice but to incorporate it as part the United States. He sent to messengers to Europe in 1819 and created an agreement with Spain. America was bought for $5 million, and gave up any claims to the Mexican territory. A Spanish line was created between Spanish Mexico and the Louisiana Territory. This created Monroe to realize how powerful the American army really was. Monroe created a new foreign policy in the Union Address to Congress in 1823, which ended more colonization of nations in South and Central Americas. Then, Monroe also stated that if Europe where to try and create a colony in these locations, actions would be taken to end the creation of their colony.

What was the US foreign policy 1840?

Isolationism, No to steal as much land from Mexico as possible and reach the Pacific.

Why is providing humanitarian aid to foreign countries a useful part of US foreign policy?

Someone should improve this answer. Can't believe it's not answeredyet. I asked this over a year ago.

In the US who carries out foreign policy?

Foreign policy is carried out by the President and the various government agencies working under his direction, which includes the military, the CIA, the ambassadors and embassies, and other staff of the State Department.

How Theodore Roosevelt led US to strong foreign policy?

By putting the conflict between japan and russia and usaway and there was no longer a conflict

How did McCarthyism affect US foreign policy?

By making the united states once again go through another "witch hunt" and showing that we were a nation growing paranoid of communism and socialism.. combined with all the factors of arms races, nuclear fears of war..

Who is responsible for the foreign policy of the US?

The Secretary of State and the President. But ultimately it ought to be the people (and I mean people, not corporate business interests) because we elect the President and Senate who choose and confirm the Secretary of State.

How oil resources affects us foreign policy?

because it is the oil spill. are you like crazy asking that stupid question and uh like making me answer it? Answer it yourself

Should the US Foreign Policy be guided by American Exceptionalism?

Yes, American Exceptionalism is what works for us. We're the first working democracy, and at the moment, we're the best. =)

How did industrialization affect us foreign policy?

the industrial revolution for most industrialized nations brought a time period of foreign policy that was expansionist. this meat many countries sought to expand territory in search for resources to fuel the revolution such as coal and iron

How did the monroe doctrine change US foreign policy?

The Monroe Doctrine was the beginning of a long-term AmericanPolicy of preventing other great powers from interfering in LatinAmerican Political affairs. also keeping European powers out of theAmericans, The Monroe Doctrine upheld Washington's policy ofavoiding entanglements in Eurpean power struggles.

What did fruit merchants and US foreign-policy elite have in common?

Fruit merchants and foreign policy elite had several things incommon. They both participated in economic imperialism. They both wanted to control the market they were in, to be theexclusive provider of product/policy. They both used economic power to spread US influence abroad.

What is the US foreign policy towards Cuba?

The policy has eased in the past years. Americans are still notallowed to travel to Cuba, but Americans who have immediate familyin Cuba are allowed to visit. most of the reason that the usgovernment hates Cuba is because they are a communist nation, andthey have a dictator, which America highly disapproves of. Hopethis helps :)

What are the goals of the US in foreign policy?

During President Obama's speech on the Middle East he stated that that the priorities of the US were to ensure economic stability in various regions, support the spread of democracy, and defend human rights. The US also tries to achieve a higher sense of national security when dealing with these issues. What is good for the goose is good for the gander, especially in our globalized society.

How is alliance used as a foreign policy?

Alliances are most commonly economic or military. Countries develop foreign relations with other countries and form alliances. They're kind of like cliques who form a group to protect each other and help each other.

Which foreign policy decision was made by President Thomas Jefferson?

During the latter part of Jefferson's administration, the Napoleonic Wars were going on in Europe and both France and Britain interfered with US shipping sometimes egregiously. To solve the problem, Jefferson signed the Embargo act which stopped all European trade. The hope was that France and Britain would be pressured to offer concessions in order to restore trade, but it turned out that the Americans were the ones that most suffered from the embargo. At the very end of Jefferson last term, the embargo was lifted and replaced by the Non-Intercourse Act which weakened the restrictions on trade.

How did US foreign policy change in the late 1800s?

When it became clear that the U.S. had no interest in the liberation of the Philippines, Aguilnaldo's forces refused to ( etc. Welcome )

What did fruit merchants and US foreign-policy makers have in common?

Fruit merchants and foreign policy elite had several things incommon. . They both participated in economic imperialism. . They both wanted to control the market they were in, to be theexclusive provider of product/policy. . They both used economic power to spread US influenceabroad.

Why is US foreign policy different in different regions of the world?

US foreign policy, and really the foreign policy of any country, is designed to be wholly self-serving, dependent on what the government considers is best for its people, and their interests. Since the US has different interests in different parts of the world, most of which are aimed at bolstering its position on the world stage, it only makes sense that it would have different policies for each region.

What did fruit merchants and the US foreign-policy makers have in common?

Fruit merchants and foreign policy elite had several things incommon. They both participated in economic imperialism. They both wanted to control the market they were in, to be theexclusive provider of product/policy. They both used economic power to spread US influence abroad. They both wanted a bigger role for American businesses in the world

What was the domino theory and did the us use it to justify their foreign policy?

i have absolutely no idea, and personaly do not care........ask some one else or find out your self!

What is NAFTA and how does it fit into US foreign policy?

NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is anagreement between Canada, the USA and Mexico that creates a tradingbloc between the 3 countries.

Who has the power to establish foreign policy in the US?

The president has ultimate authority over foreign policy but the U.S. Secretary of State is analogous to the foreign minister of other nations and has official state-to-state diplomacy.

What is the US foreign policy of Isolationism?

Isolationism was a policy practiced by the US primarily in the late 1800's and early 1900's. It is essentially the idea that the US would be stronger if it stayed out of the affairs of other countries. This is why it took so long for the US to join both world wars.

What are the main goals of US foreign policy?

What we the American people have been conditioned to believe are the "main goals" of our aggressive foreign policy, are in fact being diminished here and abroad as a direct RESULT of our foreign policy (freedom, democracy, human rights protection). Since WWII, our foreign policy has been about "converting raw material into war material" supporting the "war effort", as we've built up a huge extremist regime and war economy rather than a peaceful economy, an over $900 billion empire at expense of our nations peace, freedom, economy and well being as a whole. Today, USA ranks #88 in Global peace due to its spending in that direction and perpetual war cycle. we are self destructing, while cutting budgets across our school districts and other more beneficial areas to REALLY propel our nation further. Our media is owned by war profiteers, so it is purposely twisted to make us believe in all those "threats" out there, false flag panic attacks. In reality the main goals of US foreign policy have been built around not meeting our energy "demands" to fuel our too fast growth of technology much in wrong direction, so we attack oil rich land, also money that goes into military contracts, arms. We need to turn our investments to clean energy and stop trying to be the world dominating empire, think critically and ahead of how to get OUT of this self-destructive war mode. Our era of hegemony is over if we know what is best for us. It is turning USA into a military dictatorship and further away from any civilian led democracy by the day. Here are a couple of good articles about U.S. Foreign Policy, the first I wrote: http://suite101.com/article/us-foreign-policy--another-inconvenient-truth-a331885 And this one which spells out 7 truths about our nations self-destructive foreign policy, which NEEDS to be brought to attention of our next generation as critical thinkers going ahead. http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/01/20/seven-truths-inconvenient-to-u-s-foreign-policy/

What was one foreign policy decision made by Ronald Reagan?

One thing Reagan did was to OK spending for the development of"Star Wars" , a missile defense system. The system never was fulllydeveloped or even reached the realms of practicality, but it scaredthe USSR in virtully bankrupting itself in trying to counter thesystem.

Why did the US adopt the foreign policy US pivot to Asia?

The United States did adopt the foreign policy US pivot to Asia sothat they could control countries in the greater Middle East.

How was the US foreign policy in the 1800s similar to foreign policy today?

That similarity can be found in the ideas and policies of Thomas Jefferson, namely that the US should promote an "Empire of Liberty" worldwide, Liberty meaning the values and ideas behind the US Constitution. US foreign policy today still focuses on promoting and sometimes enforcing (think of Iraq) these values all over the globe.