The Prophet Muhammad is reported to have had 12 wives in total from
9 years of age up to 45 years of age at the time of marriage.
He was married to only one - Khadijah - from the age of
twenty-five, until his wife died when he was fifty.
The others he married after her were all part of maintaining tribal
ties and ties between himself and his closest companions. Though
the number of wives is limited to four for believing men, the
Prophet was not restricted.
He married eleven, total. Most of them were middle aged. Either
they were prominent women who lost their husbands, or they were
from a Jewish, or Christian tribe (Sophia and Miriam). By this,
Muhammad forged alliances.
(For more information about Muhammad's wives, see the related link)
It depends how you define a "wife".
(1) If you believe that a man can only have one wife at a time,
then by modern Western standards, Mohammed married
, first to Khadija, then after her death to
(2) But Arab society had always allowed polygyny. The Muslim
historian Al-Tabari says that Mohammed consummated marriage with
(3) Because he divorced two of these wives, who then forfeited the
title "Mother of the Faithful," their names are often dropped from
the list, leaving Mohammed with a total of eleven
(4) There were at least seven other women
whom Mohammed had a legal contract of marriage, but for various
reasons, these marriages were never consummated. Records of these
women are very confusing; even Tabari admitted he did not know
whether some of them were different people or alternative names for
the same person. Two of these women are nevertheless sometimes
counted as full wives, bringing the total to
. If all seven are included, the total
(5) There were four women
with whom Mohammed had a
sexual relationship but no marriage contract. Nowadays we would not
consider this marriage, but in Arab society there was a recognised
social status of concubine. In a household that was already
polygamous, there was probably not much everyday difference between
a wife and a concubine, but a concubine had fewer legal rights. If
they are added to the list of consumated marriages, the total
(6) If a "marriage" is defined as either
a legal contract
a sexual relationship, the total is at least
. If all the sexual relationships plus all
the legal marriages are included, the full tally is at least
Here are their names and ages, together with the circumstances of
1. Khadija bint Khuwaylid
, aged about 27 (the
popular myth that she was 40 is probably incorrect), was a wealthy
merchant from Mecca. After employing the 24-year-old Mohammed, she
proposed marriage; and as he was looking for a wife but had no
money, he was glad to accept. Khadija was the mother of six of his
children and she was his only wife as long as she lived. This
marriage, which lasted 25 years, appears to have been genuinely
happy; after Khadija died in April 620, Mohammed grieved deeply for
her for the rest of his life.
2. Ayesha bint Abi Bakr
, aged 6 when the marriage
contract was signed in 620 but aged 9 at the consummation in 623,
was the daughter of Mohammed's best friend, Abu Bakr. Mohammed
married this child in preference to her teenaged sister, so he must
have had a personal reason (beyond allying himself to his friend)
for choosing her. Ayesha was a beautiful redhead, spirited and
highly intelligent, and she remained Mohammed's favourite wife.
3. Sawda bint Zamaa
, aged about 40, agreed to
marry Mohammed, then 49, in mid-620. At that time he was unpopular
in Mecca and also bankrupt, so nobody else would have him. Sawda
was a large, plain, good-natured lady who worked as a tanner. In
late 626 or early 627 Mohammed considered divorcing her, but she
persuaded him to keep her in the house in exchange for never
sleeping with her again.
4. Hafsa bint Omar
, aged 19, was the daughter of
Mohammed's other best friend, Omar, who was one of the few Meccan
emigrants to Medina who was still wealthy. Mohammed realised that
he could not marry any of the Muslim converts in Medina because
their families were very jealous for their happiness; if any such
marriage fared badly (which was likely, as they were not used to
polygamy), he would lose the political support of key citizens. So
he had to restrict his choices to the emigrant community, which
still had far more men than women. Mohammed was interested in more
than Omar's friendship and money; he also appears to have been
attracted to the assertive, intelligent personality of Hafsa, whom
he married early in 625.
5. Zaynab bint Khuzayma
, aged 28, was from a
wealthy bourgeois (but non-Quraysh) family in Mecca. She was famous
for her generous almsgiving. Mohammed married her early in 625, but
she died only eight months after the wedding.
6. Hind (Umm Salama) bint Abi Umayya
, aged 28, was
an attractive widow with four young children. She did not want to
remarry and she refused several proposals, but Mohammed pressured
her to accept him in April 626. She was a wise, tactful and
practical woman. Although Hind was from an important family in
Mecca, they were so hostile to Islam that this marriage did not
create any tribal alliance.
7. Ghaziya (Umm Sharik) bint Jabir
, age unknown,
was a poor widow with dependent children. She sent Mohammed a
proposal of marriage, and he agreed to the contract. This was
probably in early 627, after he began to divorce Sawda but before
he married Zaynab. However, when Mohammed met Ghaziya in person, he
saw that, although attractive, she was "old," and he divorced her
on the spot. Ghaziya remained on good terms with Mohammed, whom she
outlived, but she never remarried.
8. Zaynab bint Jahsh
), aged about 37, was the wife of Mohammed's
adopted son Zayd. One day Mohammed accidentally saw Zaynab in her
petticoat and was smitten with passion. Zaynab pressured Zayd, whom
she had never liked, to divorce her, and she married Mohammed
immediately afterwards in March 627. In order to make this legal,
Mohammed announced new laws that (1) an adopted son did not count
as a real son, so Zaynab was not his daughter-in-law, and (2) as a
prophet, he was allowed more than the standard four wives. Zaynab
was in every way a passionate woman - beautiful, fiery-tempered and
generous - and she excelled at leather-crafts.
9. Rayhana bint Zayd
, said to be aged about 15,
was a Jewish war-captive from the Qurayza tribe. Mohammed selected
her in May 627 because she was the most beautiful prisoner in the
crowd. Rayhana refused to marry him because his army had just
killed every adult male in her husband's tribe. Therefore Mohammed
kept her as a concubine instead. She died in April or May 632,
shortly before Mohammed.
10. Khawla bint Hudhayl
, probably a teenager, was
a princess from the Taghlib, a powerful Christian tribe in northern
Arabia. Her very handsome young uncle suggested that Mohammed would
find this marriage a great political asset. Mohammed signed the
marriage contract, but Khawla died on her journey to Medina, before
Mohammed had met her in person. The date of this marriage is
unknown; it was after March 624 but probably before the final
defeat of Khawla's tribe in December 627.
11. Juwayriya bint Al-Harith
), aged 19 or 20, was the daughter of an Arab
chief. Mohammed attacked her tribe and took her prisoner in late
627 or early 628. Ayesha claimed that men always fell in love at
first sight with the gorgeous Juwayriya, and that Mohammed, being
no exception, proposed to her for that reason. It is sometimes
suggested that Mohammed married her to form an alliance with her
tribe, but the truth is that he often captured princesses from
tribes more important than Juwayriya's, yet he did not bother to
marry these less beautiful ladies. Juwayriya's tribe was already
defeated, whether she married Mohammed or not.
12. Ramla (Umm Habiba) bint Abi Sufyan
, aged 34,
was the daughter of the most important chief in Mecca. Abu Sufyan
was opposed to Islam, but Ramla had become a Muslim. Mohammed was
determined to conquer Mecca but he had suffered a setback in March
628 in the humiliating Treaty of Hudaybiya. On hearing that Ramla's
husband had died, he immediately sent her a proposal of marriage,
and she arrived in Medina in July 628. This marriage offset some of
Mohammed's political humiliation by demonstrating that he could
command the loyalty of his rival's own daughter. Ramla was
unswervingly devoted to Mohammed and apt to pick quarrels with
people who were not.
13. Safiya bint Huyayy
), aged 16, was the daughter of a Jewish
chief. After Mohammed defeated the last Jewish tribe in Arabia in
July 628, he discovered the dazzling Safiya among his war-captives
and married her immediately, just hours after he had supervised the
slaying of her second husband. His earlier victims had included her
father, her brother, her first husband, his second wife, three of
her uncles and at least three cousins. This marriage did not bring
any benefits or concessions for Safiya's defeated tribe, who were
banished from Arabia only a few years later; its real political
significance was that she was a kind of trophy, living proof that
Mohammed had defeated the Jews. Safiya was often seen weeping.
14. Maymuna bint Al-Harith
), aged 35, was a middle-class widow from
Mecca who proposed marriage to Mohammed in March 629. She did not
bring any particular political advantage. A placid woman who kept a
very tidy house, Maymuna was completely obsessed with rules and
15. Mariya bint Shamoon
, probably in her late
teens or early 20s, was one of several slaves whom the Governor of
Egypt sent as a present to Mohammed in spring 628. Mariya was
beautiful with fair skin and long black ringlets. Mohammed never
married her legally but he kept her as a concubine from mid-629
onwards, and she bore him a son, Ibrahim.
16. Mulayka bint Kaab
), probably in her early teens, was the daughter
of a Meccan warrior who resisted the Muslim invasion of Mecca in
January 630. Her defeated tribe needed to appease the conqueror so
they gave him the pretty Mulayka as a bride. When Mulayka realised
that Mohammed's army had killed her father, she demanded a divorce,
which he granted her. She died a few weeks later.
17. Fatima bint Al-Dahhak
Fatima bint Shurayh
or Al-Aliya bint
), probably a teenager, was the daughter of a Muslim
warrior who wanted to become Mohammed's father-in-law in order to
advance his career. There was no particular advantage to Mohammed
but he married Fatima in February or March 630. A few weeks later,
Fatima was caught out watching people in the mosque courtyard when
she should have been sitting behind her curtain. Mohammed divorced
her immediately. Her father also abandoned her, so she had to work
for the rest of her life as a dung-collector. She never remarried
and she outlived all Mohammed's widows.
18. Saba bint Rifaa (aka Sanaa
bint Asma ibn As-Salt)
was the daughter of
another Muslim warrior who hoped to advance his career by becoming
Mohammed's father-in-law. Mohammed signed the marriage contract,
but Saba died before the marriage could be consummated, probably in
19. Asma bint Al-Numan
, probably in her late
teens, was a princess from Yemen. In July 630 her family sent her
to marry Mohammed in the hope that the alliance would prevent a
military invasion from Medina. But Mohammed divorced Asma on the
first day, after Ayesha tricked her into saying the wrong thing.
Asma is sometimes counted as an official wife of Mohammed even
though the marriage was never consummated. She later married a
brother of Umm Salama.
20. Al-Jariya (this means "the girl" and it is
not a real name)
was a domestic slave belonging to Zaynab bint
Jahsh. At an unknown date, Zaynab gave the girl to Mohammed as a
present. He kept her as a concubine but did not marry her. In fact
she seems to have been an "unofficial" concubine who did not have a
regular turn on his roster.
21. Amra bint Yazid
), aged about 14 or 15, was from a Bedouin
tribe friendly to Mohammed. She was nobody of importance, but
Mohammed, then aged about 60, heard about her beauty and
intelligence and asked for her hand in marriage. He divorced her on
the first day when he saw that she had white patches on her skin, a
possible symptom of a serious illness. Amra is sometimes counted as
an official wife of Mohammed even though the marriage was never
consummated. The date is unknown, but on the early lists, Amra
always appears after Asma.
22. Al-Shanbaa bint Amr
, age unknown, was from a
local tribe who appeared friendly to Mohammed but who had also been
friendly to the Qurayza tribe. It is not known why Mohammed wanted
to marry her. Al-Shanbaa deliberately insulted Mohammed on the
first day, and he divorced her immediately. This was in January
23. Tukana al-Quraziya
, probably a teenager, was a
prisoner-of-war from the Qurayza tribe. She probably began as a
domestic maid in May 627 and only became a concubine towards the
end of Mohammed's life. She also appears to have been an
"unofficial" concubine without a regular turn on the roster. After
Mohammed died, she married his uncle Abbas. Tukana is probably the
same concubine also known as Jamila
. However, if
they are different people, then Mohammed had five concubines.
24. Qutayla bint Qays
), age unknown, was a cousin of Asma bint
Al-Numan, and the Yemenites sent her to Mohammed as a substitute
bride. He signed the marriage contract but he died before Qutayla
arrived in Medina. As soon as she heard that he was dead (June
632), she apostated from Islam. Soon afterwards she married an Arab
chief who was a leader in the Apostasy Wars.
There were other women whom Mohammed considered marrying, but he
probably never actually married any of them. Here are the names of
the ones known to history.
Fakhita bint Abi Talib
father forbade the match); "any woman you
" (a general offer made to him by the elders of
Mecca, which he refused); Habiba bint Sahl
Companions discouraged this match because it would be a bad move
politically); Sharaf bint Khalifa
(it is unclear
why this marriage was never finalised); Layla bint
(she changed her mind after pressure from her
family); Khawla bint Hakim
(he refused her);
(he refused her); Naama
(she refused him); Umm Habib bint
(he changed his mind when he realised she was his
foster-niece); Ammara bint Hamza
(he refused her
because she was his foster-niece); Dubba bint Amir
(he changed his mind because she was old); Durra bint
(no details survive except that the marriage did
not take place); Umra bint Rifaa
(he refused her);
Safiya bint Bashshama
(she refused him);
Izza bint Abi Sufyan
(he refused because she was
his sister-in-law); Durra bint Abi Salama
refused because she was his stepdaughter); Jamra bint
(her father forbade the match); the
; the sister
(he said the last three would be his wives in
Paradise after he was dead).
It is sometimes claimed that Mohammed married poor widows in order
to take care of them. However, only one known wife was both poor
and without family: Ghaziya, whom he divorced immediately.
It is also claimed that most of his marriages were for political
reasons. Actually the only purely political match was the one with
Khawla, the princess who died before he even met her. Some of his
other marriages included a political element (Rayhana, Juwayriya,
Ramla, Safiya), but this element was the flaunting of his triumph
rather than creating a friendly or mutually beneficial alliance.
Mulayka and Asma were offered to him for political reasons on
the part of their own families
, but his readiness to divorce
them suggests that the political consideration was not a strong
motive on Mohammed's side.
Mohammed never formed any political alliance with an unattractive
woman, even though he had opportunities to do so. For example, when
he subdued the Kalb tribes, he instructed his army-general to marry
Tamazir bint Al-Asbagh
, daughter of one of the
Kalb chiefs, but he did not marry her himself. In 630 he captured
Safana bint Hatim
, lady of the powerful Tayy
tribe, who was at least 50 years old. He released her, then sent
Ali with an army to conquer the Tayy by force.
All of Mohammed's wives were much younger than himself, with the
exception of Khadija, whom he married when they were both young.
All were attractive women, with the exception of Sawda, whom he
nearly divorced simply because she was not attractive.
Sources. Some of Mohammed's wives are
mentioned in his earliest biography by Ibn Ishaq. The earliest
formal list is Ibn Hisham's Note 918. Alfred Guillaume's English
translation of this biography plus Ibn Hisham's notes is readily
available online. A major and early secondary source that also
draws heavily on Ibn Ishaq is Al-Tabari's history: see the State
University of New York Press-sponsored translations of volumes 6,
7, 8, 9 and 39. Another detailed source is Volume 8 of Ibn Saad's
"Tabaqat", of which Aisha Bewley has made an abridged translation
into English. There are many stories about Mohammed's wives in the
hadiths of Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Muwatta, Nasa'i, Ibn Majah,
Tirmidhi, Bayhaqi, etc., most of which are also available online.
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
Sawda bint Zamʿa
Aisha bint Abi Bakr
Hafsa bint Umar
Zaynab bint Khuzayma
Hind bint Abi Umayya
Zaynab bint Jahsh
Juwayriyya bint al-Harith
Rayhana bint Zayd
Safiyya bint Huyayy
Ramla bint Abi Sufyan
Maymuna bint al-Harith
Thirteen. But, according the the prophet himself, that was a
special divine permission given to him only.
Prophet Mohammed married 11 (eleven) wives. We call them mothers of
Muslims as no one can marry them after the Prophet's death and
they'll all be wives in paradise. The prophet only was featured by
God to marry more than 4 for special wisdoms.
First of all, I would like to mention some of the wisdoms behind
the prophet (may Allah's blessing be upon him) having married such
number of women:
One of which is when having many wives, they helped spreading
knowledge and teachings of the Islam in all aspects of life,
including peace, war and in the private life of the prophet. Each
wife has different features and they're all poured in the knowledge
of the followers which still learn until today. They taught the
prophet's followers a lot of things after the prophet's death.
Especially Aysha (the youngest) among them.
The Prophet's wives (mothers of the believers) are as followed:
1. Khadeejah Bint Khuwayled. The prophet married her before he was
sent to people. She was the first wife and died at the age of 65.
She stayed with the prophet for 25 years.
2. Aysha Bint Abi Bakr. The only virgin he married.
3. Sawda Bin Zimaa. Married her after her husband's death. He only
had her for 4 years.
4. Um Salamah (Bind Bin Abu Omaya). He married her after her
5. Um Habeebah (Ramlah Bint Abu Sofyan). He married her after her
husband receded from Islam.
6. Hafsa Bint Omar Bin Al-Khatab. Married her after her husband's
7. Zainab Bin Jahsh. She is his female cousin to his aunt Umayma.
God married him to Zainab from the sky. God said: "But when Zaid
had accomplished his want of her, We gave her to you as a wife, so
that there should be no difficulty for the believers in respect of
the wives of their adopted sons, when they have accomplished their
want of them; and Allah's command shall be performed. (37)".
8. Zainab Bint Khuzayma Al-Helalya. After her husband's death. She
died after 3 or 4 months only.
9. Juwayriyah Bint Al-Harith. He married her when she was a
captive. (meaning releasing her from captivity and have the honor
of being a wife of the prophet).
10. Safiya Bin Huyay Bin Akhtab Al-Nudariyah. He married her after
her husband died in Khaibar. The prophet praised her by saying:
"you're a daughter of a prophet, your uncle is a prophet and your
husband is a prophet". Her father's ancestry goes back to prophet
Haroun, and her uncle is Moses and her husband is prophet Mohammed.
11. Maymounah Bint Al-Harith. She was the last.
9 wives. Only one of them was young and that was becauses his
father insisted. Others were old widows. His marriages were mostly
for political and cultural purposes.
For example, Arab tribes mostly had war, but when two tribes had a
marriage they became united. Or it was because Muslims did not
respect women captives in wars. So the prophet married a Jew
captive woman so that the Muslims would respect her.
hazrat zainab bint khuzaimah
hazrat zainab bint jahsh
hazrat maria qibtia
hazrat umm habibah
hazrat umm salamah
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
married the following women:
1 - Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid
(may Allaah be
pleased with her) : She was the first of his wives. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her when he was
twenty-five years old, and he did not take another wife until after
she died. All his children were born from her, except Ibraaheem.
Al-Bukhaari entitled a chapter in his Saheeh: "The marriage of the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to Khadeejah
(may Allaah be pleased with her), and her virtues," in which he
narrated a hadeeth from 'Aa'ishah who said: "I never felt jealous
of any of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) as I did of Khadeejah, although she died before he
married me, because of what I heard him say about her." Narrated by
2 - Sawdah bint Zam'ah ibn Qays
: The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in the
tenth year of his Prophethood. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa'd, narrating from
al-Waaqidi, 8/52-53; Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah WA'l-Nihaayah,
3 - 'Aa'ishah bint Abi Bakr al-Siddeeq
be pleased with her): The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) married her in Shawwaal of the tenth year of the
Prophethood. Ibn Sa'd, 8/58-59. She herself said: "The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married me when I was
six years old, and consummated the marriage with me when I was
nine." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3894; Muslim, 1422. Al-Bukhaari
(5077) also narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (S) (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not marry any virgin apart
4 - Hafsah bint 'Umar
(may Allaah be pleased with
her) : It was narrated from 'Abd-Allaah ibn 'Umar (may Allaah be
pleased with him) that Hafsah's husband Khunays ibn Hudhaafah, who
was one of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) and had been present at Badr, died
in Madeenah. 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: I met 'Uthmaan ibn 'Affaan
and offered Hafsah to him in marriage. I said: If you wish, I will
marry Hafsah bint 'Umar to you. He said: I will think about it.
Several nights passed, then he said: I think that I do not want to
get married at this time. 'Umar said: Then I met Abu Bakr and I
said: If you wish, I will marry Hafsah bint 'Umar to you. Abu Bakr
kept quiet and did not give me any response. I was more upset about
him than about 'Uthmaan. Several nights passed, then the Messenger
of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) proposed to
her and I married her to him. Then Abu Bakr met me and said:
Perhaps you felt upset when you offered Hafsah in marriage to me
and I did not reply? I said: Yes. He said: Nothing prevented me
from responding to your offer but the fact that I knew that the
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had
mentioned her, and I did not want to disclose the secret of the
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). If
he had decided not to marry her, I would have accepted your offer.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4005.
5 - Zaynab bint Khuzaymah
(may Allaah be pleased
with her): The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
married her in Ramadaan, thirty-one months after the Hijrah.
Tabaqaat Ibn Sa'd, 8/115
6 - Umm Salamah bint Abi Umayyah
(may Allaah be
pleased with her): Muslim (918) narrated that Umm Salamah (may
Allaah be pleased with her) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: "There is no
person who is faced with a calamity and says Inna Lillaahi WA inna
ilayhi raaji'oon, Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w'ukhluf li
khayran minha (Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we
shall return; O Allaah, reward me in this calamity and compensate
me with something better than it) but Allaah will reward him in his
calamity and will compensate him with something better than that."
She said: When Abu Salamah died, I said what the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had commanded
me, and Allaah compensated me with someone better than him: the
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
According to another report: when Abu Salamah died, I said: Who is
better than Abu Salamah, the companion of the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? But Allaah decreed
that I should say it. Then I got married to the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
7 - Juwayriyah bint al-Haarith
(may Allaah be
pleased with her): She fell prisoner to the Muslims during the
battle of Banu'l-Mustalaq, and she came to the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) to ask him to help her to manumit
herself and buy her freedom. He offered to buy her freedom and
marry her, and she accepted. The Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) married her and made her manumission her dowry.
When the people came to know of that, they set free their own
prisoners, so as to honour the in-laws of the Messenger (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him). No woman brought a greater
blessing to her people than she did. Narrated by Ibn Ishaaq with a
hasan isnaad. Seerat Ibn Hishaam, 3/408-409.
8 - Zaynab bint Jahsh
(may Allaah be pleased with
her): Concerning her Allaah revealed the words (interpretation of
the meaning): "So when Zayd had accomplished his desire from her
(i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in
future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of
(the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter
have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them)"
She used to boast about this to the other wives of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), saying: "Your families
arranged your marriages but Allaah arranged my marriage from above
the seven heavens." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7420.
9 - Umm Habeebah bint Abi Sufyaan
(may Allaah be
pleased with her): Abu Dawood (2107) narrated from 'Urwah from Umm
Habeebah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she was married to
'Ubayd-Allaah ibn Jahsh, who died in Abyssinia. Then the Negus
married her to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) and gave her a mahr of four thousand on his behalf, and sent
her to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) with Shurahbeel ibn Hasanah. Classed as saheeh by
10- Maymoonah bint al-Haarith
(may Allaah be
pleased with her):It was narrated from Ibn 'Abbaas (may Allaah be
pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) married Maymoonah when he was in ihraam. Narrated by
al-Bukhaari, 1832; Muslim, 1410.
The words "when he was in ihraam" are a mistake. In fact the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her
after he exited ihraam following 'Umrat al-Qada'.
See Zaad al-Ma'aad, 1/113; Fath al-Baari, hadeeth no. 5114.
11 - Safiyyah bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab
be pleased with her):The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) set her free and married her after the
battle of Khaybar. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 371.
These are the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) with whom he consummated marriage. Two of them died
during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him), namely Khadeejah and Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (may
Allaah be pleased with them both). The Messenger of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) left behind nine wives when he
died; there is no difference of scholarly opinion on this matter.
See Zaad al-Ma'aad, 1/105-114
It was said that Rayhaanah bint 'Amr al-Nadariyyah (or
al-Quraziyyah) was also one of his wives. She was taken prisoner
during the battle of Bani Qurayzah, and the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) chose her for himself
and married her, then he divorced her then took her back. Tabaqaat
Ibn Sa'd , narrating from al-Waaqidi, 8/130
1. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (died before he married any of the
others) 2. Sawdah bint Zam'a 3. Aisha bint Abi Bakr 4. Hafsa bint
Umar 5. Zaynab bint Khuzayma (died in his lifetime)
1.Hazrat Khadija Bint Khuwaylid, the only wife during his youth.
2. Hazrat Sawada Bint Zam'a
3. Hazrat A'isha Bint Abu Bakr
4.Hazrat Hafsa Bint 'Umar
5.Hazrat Zaynab Bint Khuzayma
6.Hazrat Ummay Salama Hind Bint Abi Umayya
7.Hazrat Zaynab Bint Jahsh
8.Hazrat Juwayria Bint Al-Haritha
9. Hazrat Umm Habiba Ramla Bint Bint Abi Sufyan
10.Hazrat Safya Bint Huyayya
11.Hazrat Maymuna Bint Al-Haritha.
The following women were Muhammad's wives.
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
Sawda bint Zama
Aisha bint Abi Bakr
Hafsa bint Umar
Zaynab bint Khuzayma
Umm Salama Hind bint Abi Umayya
Zaynab bint Jahsh
Juwayriya bint al-Harith
Ramlah bint Abi-Sufyan
Rayhana bint Amr ibn Khunafa
Safiyya bint Huyayy
Maymuna bint al-Harith
The prophet Muhammad (sas) had nine wifes. His first wife was
daughter of Khuwalid, son of Sad, son of
Abdul Uzza son of Qusayy: at this stage her pedigree joins that of
Muhammad. Her mothers name was Fatima.
She was also known as Tahirah (the purified) and umm Hind (mother
She had been previously married and widowed.
They are 13 wives as follow with period of marriage shown
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (595-619)
Sawda bint Zamʿa (619-632)
Aisha bint Abi Bakr (619-632)
Hafsa bint Umar (624-632)
Zaynab bint Khuzayma (625-627)
Hind bint Abi Umayya (629-632)
Zaynab bint Jahsh (627-632)
Juwayriya bint al-Harith (628-632)
Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan (628-632)
Rayhana bint Zayd (629-631)
Safiyya bint Huyayy (629-632)
Maymuna bint al-Harith (630-632)
Maria al-Qibtiyya (630-632)
Refer to related questions below.