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What is the name for the time of year in which earth is farthest from the sun?
No, the sun is actually the closest star to Earth. It is the only star in our solar system as well. All the other stars are from 4.2 light years away to about 100,000 light ye…ars.
The Earth is farthest away from the sun actually in July and closest in January. A+: Aphelion :)
The earth travels its path around the sun exactly one time per year. The time it takes to travel that path one time is our definition of a "year". During that time, the earth …also spins on its axis about 365.25 times. Those spins are 'days'. (clearification of the number of spins, or rotations on the axis) This is the first answer that comes to mind because there are approximately 365.25 days in a year, but that is wrong. Actually it takes 366.25 rotations to accomplish 365.25 days. Visualize this: The earth not rotating at all but still moving around the sun. As the earth traveled in it's orbit, not rotating, it would appear to an earthling that the sun goes around the earth one time in a year - but it would rise in the west because of the orbit of the earth being counterclockwise. Now, if you increase the rotation on the earths axis to one time per year counterclockwise, there would appear to be no motion of the sun, or zero days per year. Similar to the moon rotating on it's axis one time per orbit around the earth. The same face is always toward the earth. Consequently, if the earth rotated on its axis once a year, it would always be daylight on half the earth, and always be night on the other half. To appear to have one day per year with the sun rising in the east, it would require 2 rotations on the axis in the counterclockwise direction. Therefore it always requires one more rotation on its axis than the apparent number of days in the year. Since it appears that we have 365.25 days per year, it requires 366.25 rotations on the earths axis for that to happen.
Farthest north (23.5° past the north pole) . . . June Solstice, around June 21. Farthest south (23.5° past the south pole) . . . December Solstice, around December 22.
Neptune is the farthest from the Sun, now, at all times. Before Pluto was classified as a dwarf planet, sometimes, Pluto was closer to the the Sun than Neptune.
Earth has a slightly elliptical orbit around the sun with an eccentricity of 1.7% or about 5 million kilometers. In July, Earth is furthest from the Sun (aphelion). In Janua…ry, Earth is closest to the Sun (perihelion). Specific dates for perihelion (closest) and aphelion (furthest): Year Perihelion Aphelion 2007 January 3 July 7 2008 January 3 July 4 2009 January 4 July 4 2010 January 3 July 6 2011 January 3 July 4 2012 January 5 July 5 2013 January 2 July 5 2014 January 4 July 4 2015 January 4 July 6 2016 January 2 July 4 This is actually due to the changes of weather. http:/www.spaceweather.com/glossary/aphelion.html
The earth reaches aphelion -- the point in its orbit where it's farthest from the sun -- during the first few days of July. You can see the day and hour of Earth's periheli…on and aphelion, and the exact time of the solstices and equinoxes, on the U.S. Naval Observatory's web site "Earth's Seasons" at the link below.
July 4. When it is summer in the northern hemisphere
The Earth is farthest away from the sun when it is wintertime.
Aphelion (earth's greatest distance from the sun) occurs in July. This year it is July 4th. Next year (2010) it will be July 6th.
Neptune has been the farthest planet from the sun for 20 years due to Pluto [the dwarf planet] passing through it's orbit . Since the reclassification of Pluto as a dwa…rf planet rather than a planet, in 2006, Neptune will remain the farthest planet, regardless of Pluto's position in it's orbit.
Farthest in July, Closest in December
Neptune. Pluto crosses Neptune's orbit, so, when Pluto was a planet, sometimes Pluto would be farthest from the sun, and sometimes it was Neptune. Now, Pluto is a dwarf planet…, not a planet, so Neptune is always the farthest planet from the sun.
Aphelion (perihelion is when it at it's closest).
In Planet Earth
Aphelion 152,098,232 km Perihelion 147,098,290 km