What would you like to do?
What were the new business practices that began during the middle ages?
not eating meat on Friday
The English Parliament was able to win new rights because monarchs needed its approval to levy new taxes. The first Parliament was called by Edward I in 1295 because he ne…eded money for a war in France. Among the rights later won by Parliament was the right to pass laws on matters other than taxation.
Charlemagne (Latin for Charles the Great) was king of much of Europe from 768 until 814. He was one of the greatest of the medieval kings. He conquered much of Western Europe,… and created an empire that include nearly all of present day France, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland, and large parts of Austria and Italy. This was the largest country in Western Europe in the whole of the Middle Ages. He was crowned Emperor of the West, on Christmas day, 800 AD. He was a man who wanted to improve his kingdom, and to that end instituted a number of notable changes. One of great importance was seeing to it that the members of the nobility were educated. He had good relations with the Church and protected the pope.
Farmers used the following advancements during the Middle Ages: windmills, crop rotation, and iron plows.
Many merchants joined together in an organization known as a partnership.
The building of new monasteries in Europe had a direct impact from the allocation of a space where potential converts could be convinced. The presence of monasteries surely at…tracted attention as well as gave a vantage point for evangelists of the time. But that is the obvious answer - less obvious but just as important, if not more important, was the role of monasteries in perpetuating Christian texts. Monks would transcribe important Christian documents such as the Bible and would keep copies safe in their libraries for posterity. Without the work of monk scribes, the Bible would have been far less prevalent in Europe.
There were a lot of new orders in the Middle Ages. Among the better known were the following: Augustinians Benedictines Carmelites Cistercians Cluniacs Dominicans Franciscans …Trappists
This question is asking about a 1000 years of history so it is impossible to write all of that here. Here is a fast summary. . Early Middle Ages. 500 to 1000 AD. Vikings inva…de, there is constant war, pagan worshipping was common, monks in monasteries kept learning alive. Charlemagne conquered most of France. . High Middle Ages. 1000 to 1300 AD. Nobility and church grew stronger, feudal system became organized, William the Conqueror became King of England, the Magna Carta is signed by King John in 1215 limiting the king's power for the first time. . Late Middle Ages. 1300 to 1400. A 100 years war between England and France, the plague took many lives, church was fighting, new ideas grow, exploring starts.
Of course. Of course they were not paved like our roads today but roads were necessary for transportation. some near towns with alot of money or castles were cobbled
The need for money investment stimulated the growth of banks. Also, people started to use credit instead of carrying gold.
the population began to grow because feudalism increased
Putting aside a lengthy debate on what "medieval" actually means, there were many inventions during the Middle Ages: glass mirrors stained glass mechanical clocks the …magnetic compass the quill pen the castle certain types of siege engine cannons and handguns (at the very end of the Middle Ages) various military weapons including the falchion, the glaive, the fauchard, the voulge and the halberd the windmill There are many more.
Feudalism emerged as a result of the decentralization of empires. Because societies would not have a strong, centralized government, feudalism was an easy way to develop struc…ture within a society.
the middle class was the freetowners, it goes POPE KING NOBLES KNIGHTS FREETOWNERS PEASANTS SERFS The Middle Class rose during the Middle Ages in Europe for a variety of reaso…ns. First of these reasons is that the workers became richer in the aftermath of the Black Death. Secondly, education in Europe was greatly improved with the invention of the Printing Press. Thirdly, the formation of banking greatly improved the economy in favour of the Middle Class. Lastly, the formation of medieval republics benefited the Middle Class. The Middle class consisted of Freetowners, people below the knights and nobles but above peasants and serfs... https://sites.google.com/site/seniorschoolstudy/history/rise-of-the-middle-class---middle-ages
During the late middle ages (1000-1500) because of crowding and poor sanitation in the monasteries nurses went into the community. During this era hospitals were built and the… number of medical schools increase. Between 1500 and 1860 (A.D.) politics, the Renaissance all affected nursing. As nursing was not valued as an intellectual endeavor it lost much of its economic support and social status at the start of the Renaissance. The deterioration of Catholicism wich had supported the monasteries, hospitals, and nursing was led to the climax of its decay by the Protestant Reformation. A widespread movement of suppression of monasteries occurred similar to that in England which was brought about by Henry (VIII) who had used the advantage of Protestantism to free himself from Papal authority. The King used his revolt of the church based on the Roman Catholic Church refusal to sanction his divorce. He destroyed over 600 monasteries during his Prostestant revolt. The immediate result of the monastic dissolution was the hospitals and inns were suddently snatched away form a public dependent upon them for many centuries. Which caused the poor to be without any principle organized systsem of relief. An additional effect of the Reformation was the complete withdrawal of medicine from the monastery to the University. Thus medicine found a refuge that was denied to nursing. Medical advancement had been assured while the techniques of nursing remained unchanged in the guardianship of brothers, and nuns who continued practising nursing. The Protestants viewed the woman's place as being in the home raising children. Industrial class women took in work or went out to work. As nursing was not considered acceptable even to the industrial classes nurses were usually immoral, drunken, illiterate, and/or prostitutes. Nurses were considered to be the lowest level of human society. A decline in the quality of publick service for the sick was noticeable twoards the end of the middle ages. It took about 200 years for the public to recognize the need to pay for quality nursing care to restart vocational desireability. The public first had to separate nursing from domestic service in which it had become deeply entangled. Mismanagement, inadequacy, suffering and deliberate exploitation made things worse. Civil appointees who were men undertook leadership and withheld authority from women - who then lost control over nursing. Matrons were put in charge of secular riff raff who were taken on as nurses. The word "Sister" was retained to please the public for amongst the rich and poor it had come to be associated with the sympathy and encouragement of the monastic nuns. The latter half of the period between 1500 to 1860 A.D. saw nursing conditions at their worst and has been called the dark period of nursing. New hospitals had been built but quickly became places of horror as unsanitary conditions caused them to be a source of epidemics and disease. Furthermore a taxation upon windows caused windows to be bricked up in places of the poor and hospitals thus removing natural lighting and fresh air thus creating further a situation which bred disease and epidemics. Seldom were opposite sexes and different disease separated. Often hospital beds were shared. Nurses when off duty slept within hearing range of their patients and were still on call. Crowding of wards often made them impossible to clean. Because of the high demands placed upon nursing staff nursing procedures which were limited and simple became even more limited and simple. Cleansing of patients was no longer attempted. Only the usual nursing treatments such as bleeding and purging were ordered. Because of the the hard work, long hours, poor pay, and poor food respectable women were not expected to do nursing. The majority of the work consisted of housework, scrubbing and laundry which had hours which varied between 12 to sometimes 48 hours. Character nor training was a consideration in nursing. In 1545 the council of Trent decreed that every community of women should live in strict enclosure. It took over 200 years of resistance for women to overcome this decree. The nursing sisters of France made little or no resistance such that their professional standards deteriorated. During the Renaissance (1500-1850 A.D.) the interests in the arts and sciences increased such that there were many developments in the technologies for and care of the sick. Transition from health care by religious orders where nursing was practised were replaced by hospitals where conditions were dependent upon the economic support of the people requiring care. Even though there were significant advancements in science because nursing was still seen as something that should only be done by those who could not find another way in which to make money the nursing proffession did not advance. The dark ages of nursing lasted for three centuries until the mid 2800's when Florence Nightingale brought about a change. Even though the advancement of medicine did not affect nursing during the Renaissance - in the late 1500's several groups began nursing during the Renaissance - in the late 1500's several groups began nursing and tending the sick, poor, and dying. Amongst there groups were St. Francis de Sales, the Order of the Visitation of Mary, St. Vincent DePaul, the Sisters of Charity, Dames de Charite', Louise le Gras, Brothers Hospitallers of St. John, Albuquerque, Order of St. Augustine, St. Camillas De Lellis, Jeanne Biscot, and the Nursing Sisters of St. Joseph de La Fleche. Many of these people came from rich and influential families. Thus setting the trend for their peers to become involved in charitable nursing and institutions of nursing. When such institutions of charitable nursing were shown to do well the ruling classes and churches would begin supporting these econmically. The views of the well to do upon the nursing care of the sick, mentally ill, elderly, dying and indigent had a strong influence upon the presence and quality or lack of nursing care available during the Medieval Times through the Renaissance. )