What were the two aotmic bombs nicknames that were dropped on japan?
Because of their shapes. In the plutonium bomb the plutonium was inthe shape of a sphere and shaped explosive charges were placedaround it to drive the sphere into itself and start the nuclearreaction. This configuration gave the bomb a stubby, rounded shape,hence the name Fat Man . In the uranium …bomb on the otherhand, most of the uranuim was formed into a cylinder with a hole inone end. An additional plug of uranium was fired down a smooth borecannon barrel into that hole, thus producing critical mass andstarting the chain reaction. That bomb looked long and slim incomparison with the other so it was called Little Boy . Athird bomb design called Thin Man had been designed usingthe gun assembly mechanism (like Little Boy used) but withplutonium, it was roughly twice as long as Little Boy and muchthinner but the design was found to be unworkable so it wasabandoned and work on Fat Man begun to make use of plutonium. ( Full Answer )
Hundreds of thousands of bombs were dropped on Japan. Only twoatomic bombs were dropped. As in all warfare, bombing is designedto destroy the enemy's ability to resist.
It was World War 2 and the United States was against Japan. On August 6 and 9 1945 the nuclear weapons were drooped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki under the command of President Truman.
Simple answer: To force a surrender. Japan had attacked sovereign nations in Asia and the Pacific and had coordinated their efforts with the German aggression in Europe in hopes that the Allies would be incapable of fighting on two fronts. The Allies pushed back and eventually surrounded Japan, pr…eventing imports and causing serious problems for the Japanese people. Even after the Allies had destroyed the Japanese fighting abilities, the emperor and his generals refused to surrender. They realized that they had lost, but wanted to rebuild their military and try again, just as Germany had "tried again" following WW1, resulting in the war in Europe. The emperor and his generals knew that the Allies were hesitant to invade Japan because estimates were that approximately 1 million Allied soldiers would have lost their lives, and that those soldiers would hesitate to fight against Japanese citizens who were willing to face rifles and bayonets, armed with nothing more than pitchforks and swords. But the Allies refused to allow anything less than an unconditional surrender, and when the emperor refused, the first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. The emperor still refused, even after a warning that a second bomb would be dropped. The emperor finally agreed to a surrender after the bombing of Nagasaki, but even then, the emperor had to consider it for several days. Allied resources had been depleted, everyone was exhausted from fighting a long war, and the Atomic bombs were actually more humane than starving the people of Japan and sending in soldiers who would face peasants with pitchforks. It was the only way the Allies could force the Japanese to surrender. Unfortunately, there have been far too many people who want to re-write history. ( Full Answer )
Since the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the US entered the second world war. It was a long and bloody war. The bombs helped to reduce the number of death of service men and ended the war quickly.
Answer . The simpelest answer is that the US had two bombs available at that time in history and was seeking the fastest way to end WW2 without invading Japan and risking the tremendous causalties such actions might produce.
Richard Rhodes book The Making of the Atomic Bomb explainsthis very clearly. Basically Little Boy used a gun to fire two subcriticalpieces of 80% enriched Uranium-235 one inside the other making asingle supercritical piece while Fatman used shapedcharges to crush one subcritical piece of Plut…onium-239 until itbecame dense enough to become supercritical. RADAR fusing was usedon both to set the burst altitude. Everything was packaged in largefreefall gravity bomb casings with fins to stabilize the fall. ( Full Answer )
More than 100,000 people were instantly killed . Each atomic bombing resulted in deaths proportional to a typical nightly 1000 plane conventional firebombing raid. The amount of damage and deaths were not unusual, just the fact that a thousand planes were not needed to do it.
The materials were made in various places across theUS, the main two are Oak Ridge, TN and Hanford, WA. . The parts were mostly handmade at Los Alamos, NM and crated inkits for shipment. . Final assembly was on the island of Tinian in the pacific.
the US dropped two atomic bombs on japan: one on Hiroshima, the other on Nagasaki. the bomb dropped on Hiroshima was nicknamed "little boy", and had a long torpedo like shape. Nagasaki was hit by "fat man," a short, squat bomb that had a slightly oblong sphere shape. I believe they were both pluto…nium bombs--? ( Full Answer )
A MK-I uranium gun bomb, codenamed Little Boy . A MK-III plutonium implosion bomb, codenamed Fat Man 21 more implosion bombs were scheduled for production and delivery in 1945 had Japan not surrendered.
Little boy was dropped on Hiroshima and Fat man was dropped on Nagasaki a few days later forcing Japan to surrender.
The casualties from the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs combined ran at about 250,000 killed immediately in the blast, with about 100,000 dying from radiation poisoning or injuries in the weeks and months that followed. Victims continued to perish of cancer or radiation poisoning for years following th…e bombings- if you include these as well, the total death rate reaches about half a million. ( Full Answer )
Fat Man (Nagasaki) and Little Boy (Hiroshima) Fat Man was the second bomb dropped. Little Boy was first.
Japan did not agree to surrender unconditionally and Truman then consulted with his advisers and decided to use the new weapon on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Enola Gay dropped Little Boy over Hiroshima, killing 70,000-130,000 instantly. Bockscar dropped Fat man on Nagasaki killing 45,000. "Little Boy" (Hiroshima )on Monday, August 6, 1945, "Fat Man"(Nagasaki)on August 9.
The atom bomb was dropped in Japan because we wanted to put Japan out of WW2. More precisely, we dropped 2 bombs. We dropped them on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. After that, Japan surrendered.
For hours after the attack the Japanese government did not even know for sure what had happened. Radio and telegraph communications with Hiroshima had suddenly ended at 8:16 a.m., and vague reports of some sort of large explosion had begun to filter in, but the Japanese high command knew that no lar…ge-scale air raid had taken place over the city and that there were no large stores of explosives there. Eventually a Japanese staff officer was dispatched by plane to survey the city from overhead, and while he was still nearly 100 miles away from the city he began to report on a huge cloud of smoke that hung over it. The first confirmation of exactly what had happened came only sixteen hours later with the announcement of the bombing by the United States. Relief workers from outside the city eventually began to arrive and the situation stabilized somewhat. Power in undamaged areas of the city was even restored on August 7th, with limited rail service resuming the following day. Several days after the blast, however, medical staff began to recognize the first symptoms of radiation sickness among the survivors. Soon the death rate actually began to climb again as patients who had appeared to be recovering began suffering from this strange new illness. Deaths from radiation sickness did not peak until three to four weeks after the attacks and did not taper off until seven to eight weeks after the attack. Long-range health dangers associated with radiation exposure, such as an increased danger of cancer, would linger for the rest of the victims' lives, as would the psychological effects of the attack. ( Full Answer )
Hiroshima and Nagasaki, bombings of (1945). The atomic bombing of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 represents arguably the most important and most sinister development in warfare in the 20th century. THOUGH; more people died in the conventional bombing of Tokyo, the a…tomic bombings were significant because they caused death on a huge scale from one bomb dropped by one plane. Hiroshima and Nagasaki remain potent symbols and a sterile controversy over the use of the atomic weapons continues. In purely military terms the bombs proved decisive in persuading the Japanese government to think the unthinkable and accept defeat. BUT: According to most estimates, the immediate effects of the blast killed approximately 70,000 people in Hiroshima. Estimates of total deaths by the end of 1945 from burns, radiation and related disease, the effects of which were aggravated by lack of medical resources, range from 90,000 to 140,000. Some estimates state up to 200,000 had died by 1950, due to cancer and other long-term effects .Actually, from 1950 to 1990, roughly 9% of the cancer and leukemia deaths among bomb survivors was due to radiation from the bombs , the statistical excess being estimated to 89 leukemia and 339 solid cancers. It was after the two bombs dropped on Japan that as the two cities were destroyed , Japan decided that it would be best to surrender , as we know Japan would fight for years otherwise. ( Full Answer )
Aug 6, '45 - Hiroshima and Aug 9 - Nagasaki Not dropped by US troops but by USAAF ( Army Air Forces ) bombers.
3 days: August 6 to August 9. A third bomb was ready and in San Francisco on August 18 and couldprobably have been dropped on or about August 25 had the Japanesenot signaled on August 14 their intention to surrender. In total the US had facilities and scheduled production to make 23atomic bombs an…d drop them on Japan (only the first 2 were actuallyused) in 1945. With the war over by September these plans weresignificantly scaled back and some of the plants shutdown forrepairs due to unanticipated problems. This meant that by the endof Operation Crossroads in the summer of 1946 the US had only builta total of 9 atomic bombs, 5 of which had been detonated leavingonly 4 in the stockpile. ( Full Answer )
Japan had dropped a bomb on Oregon in hopes of causing a major set back in the American timber industry and causing much of West America like California, Oregon and Washington state to suffer a major blow in it's economics because much of Northwest America is made of trees, the Japanese plan that bo…mbed Oregon had dropped an incendiary in the forest, The bomb did not catch fire to any trees and the plan had failed. ( Full Answer )
He surrendered. There were plots by the officer corps to keep fighting engineered against the emperor, but he prevailed.
The Empire of Japan was given an ultimatum outlining it's surrender at the end of world War II under executive order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman. The declaration stated that if the party did not surrender, the Allies would be forced to attack Japan, resulting in "the inevitable and complete de…struction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland". The Japanese government declined to acknowledge it, using the "kill with silence" method, which assumed declination. Truman then decided to drop the bombs, his stated intention in ordering the bombings was to bring about a quick resolution of the war by inflicting destruction and instilling fear of further destruction in sufficient strength to cause Japan to surrender. ---- A primary reason behind the use of the Atomic bombs was the fear that invasion of the main Japanese home islands would result in massive US casualties. Estimates drawn from the casualties sustained at Iwo Jima and Okinawa were that up to a half-million US casualties could be expected in a 6-10 month battle. In addition, it was expected that 10-15 million Japanese would be killed. The atomic bomb was seen as a way to shock the Japanese into a surrender, avoiding the necessity of an invasion, and, ironically, saving many lives, both American and Japanese. A secondary reason was to end the war in the Pacific before the Soviet Union entered the war against the Japanese. Post-war political maneuvering was already occurring between the former Allies, and Truman was acutely aware of the brewing power conflict with the U.S.S.R. The use of the bomb to force a quick Japanese surrender was seen as a way to limit Soviet influence in Japan and Asia. Additionally, it was a political statement to curb Soviet aggression (as in "Don't mess with America, we have this Super Weapon"). ( Full Answer )
In the hopes of ending WWII, the USA dropped two atomic bombs on Japan; the first on Hiroshima on 6 Aug, 1945 and the second on Aug 9, 1945. Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945.
The authorizations were all made in May 1945 , when theTarget List was prepared and the orders to "use the atomic bombs onJapan as they become available". As the Trinity Test had not yetbeen done, only the simpler MK-I "Little Boy" type atomic bomb wascertain to work. It was unlikely that more than… about 6 of thesecould be made before the end of 1945. Following the successful Trinity Test the availability of MK-III"Fatman" type bombs (which though more complex could bemanufactured in large numbers, as they needed much less fissilematerial) it was decided to cancel further production of the MK-Iat the one already finished and produce only MK-III atomic bombs.This allowed the number of bombs to increase from about 6 to 23that could be made before the end of 1945. The only actual order that Truman gave about atomic bombsduring the war was to cancel the already existing orders touse them, once Japan indicated they would surrender. The fact thatthey surrendered after only the first two probably caughtTruman and many others completely by surprise. Based on priorexperience most military leaders and US government officialssincerely believed it would be necessary for more than 90% of theJapanese population to die before the country would be unable tocontinue fighting (and US was willing to do whatever was needed tobring this about). ( Full Answer )
There is no true answer to this question. Any answer you get will only be an opinion not fact. Do you think it was right to sacrifice all of the life in the bombing? Or was it okay to let Japan invade the US? Millions of Americans or hundred-thousand of Japanese people.
The devastation to their country was too great for them to continue being able to fund and support a war.
The bombing is still, over 65 years after it happened, a prettycontroversial decision. The official answer is that PresidentTruman ordered the bombings to end the war quickly and decisively. In the Allied conferences near the end of the war, it was decidedthat the Axis nations needed to fully surre…nder "unconditionally"in order to prevent another war, as happened after World War I (inthat war, Germany didn't surrender unconditionally- they signed anarmistice and eventually negotiated a treaty. Twenty years later,Germany started an even bigger war). Germany was defeated andsurrendered in early May 1945, but Japan kept fighting. The Allies were winning the war with Japan, but it was bogging downinto a costly, bloody affair. Some examples of the bloodshed- inearly 1945, the Allies had captured the island of Iwo Jima, a tinyisland not far from Japan, at the cost of over 26,000 casualties.Then in the summer of 1945, the Allies suffered over 80,000casualties capturing Okinawa, another tiny island not far fromJapan. So as the Allies closed in on the Japanese home islands, thefighting became fiercer. The Allies were drawing up plans for aninvasion of Japan- since Japan showed no signs of surrendering- andall of the plans predicted massive destruction and millions ofcasualties. Truman and supporters of the decision believe that byunleashing nuclear weapons on Japan, they caused Japan to surrendermore quickly. It's controversial, as mentioned earlier, because it's not totallyclear that it had the intended effect (other factors came intoplay, such as the Soviet Union's declaration of war on Japan), theAllies' role in indirectly encouraging Japan to fight on (via thePotsdam Declaration), and the serious ethical questions regardingannihilating hundreds of thousands of people in the blink of aneye. That's a debate that has raged since before the bombs evenfell. The US did not decide to drop two atomic bombs onJapan, the decision was to drop as many as needed to force Japan tosurrender and we had production plans and facilities to manufactureand drop a total of twenty three atomicbombs on Japan in 1945 alone. It was the Japanese that decidedto surrender and stop it at two bombs . Another thing to remember is that after meeting the strongresistance by the Japanese at the last few islands, the US beganstockpiling chemical weapons (e.g. several types of nervegases, mustard gas, phosgene gas) in preparation for use in theinvasion of Japan if similar resistance was encountered. Evenbefore the decision was made to use the atomic bomb, the US wasalready 100% committed to the use of these chemical weapons.However Japan had already used chemical weapons in China andelsewhere and the Allies had declared such use by Japan to be War Crimes . What might our use of chemical weapons againstJapan be seen as? The atomic bomb was seen as a way out of thisdilemma. ( Full Answer )
The MK-I Little Boy had about 100 pounds of 80% enriched uranium and about 4 tons of other stuff needed to make that explode. The MK-III Fat Man had about 15 pounds of plutonium and about 5 tons of other stuff needed to make that explode.
Because that's who they were fighting at the time. It would have been silly to drop it in, say, Germany, which had already surrendered, or Italy, which was on the same side by that point in the war, or Canada, which had ALWAYS been on the Allied side. More seriously, it was dropped to avoid a large…-scale invasion of the Japanese islands, which was at the time considered the only other means of reaching the Allied goal of unconditional surrender and would have resulted in FAR greater casualties, most of them Japanese civilians, and most likely also in Japan being divided in the same way that Germany turned into the BRD and the DDR. ( Full Answer )
Not very big by todays standards but made more effective by their delivery method. Hiroshima was a gun type Uranium 235, 12-15 thousand tons (equivalent TNT) or 50-63 Terra Joules (TJ) and Nagasaki was an implosion type Plutonium 239, 20-22 thousand tons (equivalent TNT) or 84-92 TJ. Both were ai…r burst bombs, maximizing destruction whilst minimizing fallout. ( Full Answer )
Japan dropped a lot of bombs on the US Pacific Fleet in Hawaii to try to destroy the ships and aircraft of the fleet. Japan had been invading China since 1937 and to try to stop them the USA imposed embargoes on imports to Japan including oil and steel. The government of Japan was a mainly militar…y government which resented US involvement and decided to destroy the local forces of the US, Britain and Holland and take the mineral wealth of the region for themselves. ( Full Answer )
1. USA needed to demonstrate its power and to examine the power ofnuclear weapon. 2. It was the fastest and easiest way to end war with Japan. From Source: Weber, Mark "Was Hiroshima Necessary? Why the AtomicBombings could have been avoided" The Journal of Historical Review , May-June 1997 (Vol. 1…6, No.3), pages 4-11. In April and May 1945, Japan made three attempts through neutralSweden and Portugal to bring the war to a peaceful end. On April 7,acting Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu met with Swedishambassador Widon Bagge in Tokyo, asking him "to ascertain whatpeace terms the United States and Britain had in mind." But heemphasized that unconditional surrender was unacceptable, and that"the Emperor must not be touched." Bagge relayed the message to theUnited States, but Secretary of State Stettinius told the USAmbassador in Sweden to "show no interest or take any initiative inpursuit of the matter." Similar Japanese peace signals throughPortugal, on May 7, and again through Sweden, on the 10th, provedsimilarly fruitless. By mid-June, six members of Japan's Supreme War Council hadsecretly charged Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo with the task ofapproaching Soviet Russia's leaders "with a view to terminating thewar if possible by September." On June 22 the Emperor called ameeting of the Supreme War Council, which included the PrimeMinister, the Foreign Minister, and the leading military figures."We have heard enough of this determination of yours to fight tothe last soldiers," said Emperor Hirohito. "We wish that you,leaders of Japan, will strive now to study the ways and the meansto conclude the war. In doing so, try not to be bound by thedecisions you have made in the past." By early July the US had intercepted messages from Togo to theJapanese ambassador in Moscow, Naotake Sato, showing that theEmperor himself was taking a personal hand in the peace effort, andhad directed that the Soviet Union be asked to help end the war. USofficials also knew that the key obstacle to ending the war wasAmerican insistence on "unconditional surrender," a demand thatprecluded any negotiations. The Japanese were willing to acceptnearly everything, except turning over their semi-divine Emperor.Heir of a 2,600-year-old dynasty, Hirohito was regarded by hispeople as a "living god" who personified the nation. (Until theAugust 15 radio broadcast of his surrender announcement, theJapanese people had never heard his voice.) Japanese particularlyfeared that the Americans would humiliate the Emperor, and evenexecute him as a war criminal. On July 12, Hirohito summoned Fumimaro Konoye, who had served asprime minister in 1940-41. Explaining that "it will be necessary toterminate the war without delay," the Emperor said that he wishedKonoye to secure peace with the Americans and British through theSoviets. As Prince Konoye later recalled, the Emperor instructedhim "to secure peace at any price, notwithstanding its severity." The next day, July 13, Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo wiredambassador Naotake Sato in Moscow: "See [Soviet foreign minister]Molotov before his departure for Potsdam ... Convey His Majesty'sstrong desire to secure a termination of the war ... Unconditionalsurrender is the only obstacle to peace ..." On July 17, another intercepted Japanese message revealed thatalthough Japan's leaders felt that the unconditional surrenderformula involved an unacceptable dishonor, they were convinced that"the demands of the times" made Soviet mediation to terminate thewar absolutely essential. Further diplomatic messages indicatedthat the only condition asked by the Japanese was preservation of"our form of government." The only "difficult point," a July 25message disclosed, "is the ... formality of unconditionalsurrender." Summarizing the messages between Togo and Sato, US navalintelligence said that Japan's leaders, "though still balking atthe term unconditional surrender," recognized that the war waslost, and had reached the point where they have "no objection tothe restoration of peace on the basis of the  AtlanticCharter." These messages, said Assistant Secretary of the NavyLewis Strauss, "indeed stipulated only that the integrity of theJapanese Royal Family be preserved." Navy Secretary James Forrestal termed the intercepted messages"real evidence of a Japanese desire to get out of the war." "Withthe interception of these messages," notes historian Alperovitz (p.177), "there could no longer be any real doubt as to the Japaneseintentions; the maneuvers were overt and explicit and, most of all,official acts. Koichi Kido, Japan's Lord Privy Seal and a closeadvisor to the Emperor, later affirmed: "Our decision to seek a wayout of this war, was made in early June before any atomic bomb hadbeen dropped and Russia had not entered the war. It was already ourdecision." In spite of this, on July 26 the leaders of the United States andBritain issued the Potsdam declaration, which included this grimultimatum: "We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim nowthe unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces and toprovide proper and adequate assurance of good faith in such action.The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction." Commenting on this draconian either-or proclamation, Britishhistorian J.F.C. Fuller wrote: "Not a word was said about theEmperor, because it would be unacceptable to the propaganda-fedAmerican masses." ( AMilitary History of the Western World , p. 675.) America's leaders understood Japan's desperate position: theJapanese were willing to end the war on any terms, as long as theEmperor was not molested. If the US leadership had not insisted onunconditional surrender -- that is, if they had made clear awillingness to permit the Emperor to remain in place -- theJapanese very likely would have surrendered immediately, thussaving many thousands of lives. The sad irony is that, as it actually turned out, the Americanleaders decided anyway to retain the Emperor as a symbol ofauthority and continuity. They realized, correctly, that Hirohitowas useful as a figurehead prop for their own occupation authorityin postwar Japan. On August 6, 1945, the world dramatically entered the atomic age:without either warning or precedent, an American plane dropped asingle nuclear bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Theexplosion utterly destroyed more than four square miles of the citycenter. About 90,000 people were killed immediately; another 40,000were injured, many of whom died in protracted agony from radiationsickness. Three days later, a second atomic strike on the city ofNagasaki killed some 37,000 people and injured another 43,000.Together the two bombs eventually killed an estimated 200,000Japanese civilians. ( Full Answer )
The two bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were named "Little Boy" and "Fat Man" respectively.
no only blacks did . no the US dropped 2 on Japan. Japan has never had nuclear weapons.
Yes, US had to to end the war instead of letting it drag out at least another year.
Yes. (1) Japan deserved it after killing 30 million people in Asia, and raping numerous women. (2) Japan was ready to go on a suicidal mission so they can take down as many American and Allied troops as possible. It probably would take a few million more lives to conquer Japan. (3) Internation…al public law is useless. It is prone to exploitation by the cunning and ruthless, e.g. Nazi Germany and Japan, who could care less about whether their wars were legal. For efficiency, it is better that Japan get bombed. (4) Nuclear bomb is a bomb after all. Its mass destruction nature doesn't change its fundamental nature of a "bomb." In war times, opposing countries may bomb each other. i.e. no big deal. ( Full Answer )
We shall never know because they were dropped and we know the impact of the bombs.
They were dropped from airplanes-- B-29 bombers. The bombers flewalone so they would not attract attention and have Japanesefighters zooming up to try to shoot them down. The bombers were uphigh. I think the atomic bombs had small parachutes attached tothem to slow their fall and give the airplanes …extra time to getaway. I think the bombs were triggered to detonate when theyreached a certain height a few thousand feet above the ground--this would cause more damage then to have the bombs actually hitthe ground first and then blow up. Neither of the bombs dropped on Japan hadparachutes , they were freefall gravity bombs withRADAR fuses set for about 1500 feet altitude. The B-29s flew to thetarget as a group of 3: bomber, instrumentation, and photographyplanes. Some of the instruments deployed by the instrumentationplane used parachutes. The photography plane stayed at a safedistance. The bomber plane dropped the bomb then performed a sharpdiving turn maneuver (that actually exceeded the designstress limits of the B-29) to gain enough speed to run away toa safe distance (estimated to be at least 9 miles) beforedetonation. These shots were as much tests of experimental devicesas they were uses of powerful weapons. About a dozen "pumpkin" bombs, conventional bombs having the sameweight, size, and drop characteristics as the Fatman atomic bombbut impact fuses instead of RADAR fuses were dropped in identical 3plane practice missions, starting in late July. Besides giving thecrews practice, this gave the Japanese air defence forcesexperience with these insignificant attacks causing themto reduce their tendency to scramble fighters against the realattack when it came. ( Full Answer )
In World War 2 Japan never did drop any sort of atomic or nuclear bomb on U.S. soil - they did, however, destroy much of the Navy's Pacific Fleet during the early morning attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. It was a massive air strike of fighter and torpedo bomber planes that killed 2,335 se…rvicemen and 68 civilians and wounded 1178 people. ( Full Answer )
Harry S. Truman authorized the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. During the years 1945 and 1953. August 6, 1945.
In rough figures a total of 200,000 persons, about the same as in 2 of the typical thousand plane firebombing raids the US was conducting on Japan nightly (and we bombed multiple cities that way per night).
Hiroshima at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945 Nagasaki at 11:02 A.M. on August 9, 1945
Because the US had 23 nuclear bombs scheduled for production beforethe end of 1945 and they would each be dropped in Japan "as soon asthey become available" according to the orders written in May 1945. Two of these nuclear bombs were available on Tinian at thebeginning of august and allowing for fin…al assembly time for eachof them one was dropped on Hiroshima on the 6th and the other onNagasaki on the 9th. This interval barely allowed the Japaneseleadership the time to begin to understand what had happened inHiroshima before the same thing happened to Nagasaki too. Meanwhile Los Alamos completed the third nuclear bomb and shippedit to San Francisco, from which a B-29 would fly it to Tinian whereit would go through final assembly and be dropped on anotherJapanese city sometime in late august. However before it reachedSan Francisco the Japanese leadership realized what was being usedagainst them and signalled their willingness to surrender, whichprompted president Truman to make his one decision on theuse of nuclear bombs during the war and order their use on Japanstopped. When this bomb did arrive in San Francisco it was thusreturned to Los Alamos, becoming the first bomb of many in the USnuclear stockpile. Had the Japanese not surrendered after these two nuclear bombs notonly would the remaining bombs scheduled for 1945 have been droppedin Japan "as soon as they become available" (followed by more in1946, 1947, etc. as fast as they could be produced), the ongoingmultiple 1000 plane firebombing raids (each of which caused similardamage and deaths as each nuclear bomb) would have continued, twoD-day invasions were scheduled (each larger than the 1944 NormandyD-day invasion) one in late october or early november and the othersometime in spring 1946, the use of chemical weapons against theJapanese during these invasions would begin, etc. would have allproceeded as planned (none requiring presidential authorization,that was implicitly assumed until explicitly revoked) until Japanno longer had the physical ability nor manpower to continue thewar. It was completely expected implicitly that the population of Japanwould have to be at least decimated before they could no long fightand all means available were going to be employed to achieve thenecessary number of Japanese deaths while minimizing Allied deaths.I believe that president Truman was completely taken by surprisethat the Japanese leadership surrendered after only two nuclearbombs and before there were Allied troops on their homeislands! ( Full Answer )
The casualties for the atomic bombs dropped onto Japan was 215,000dead and 1,900 more dead after the war. The majority which diedduring post war was mainly due to solid cancer, it was reportedthat 1,700 died from solid and 200 died from Leukemia due toexposed of radiation from the atomic bomb drops …in 1945. ( Full Answer )
The 2 atomic bombs which were dropped onto Japan on 1945 was calledFat Man and Little Boy. Little Boy was dropped on Nagasaki and FatMan was dropped on Hiroshima.
one of the atomic bombs blew up a town; which was heavily populated, and the other completely whipped out a island.
About the same as happened in two of the 500 to 1000 planeconventional firebombing raids, several of which happened every night . This came to about 100,000 each. Had thesurrender not happened both the conventional and atomic bombingswould have continued until it did. The US had plans and producti…onfacilities ready to drop 21 more atomic bombs on Japan before theend of 1945 and could have dropped many times that in followingyears if necessary. However the important thing to remember was that the conventionalfirebombing raids already in progress were killing more Japanese every night than the two atomic bombs killed in total!Even had all 23 atomic bombs scheduled to be dropped in 1945 beenused, conventional bombing and the invasion (which almost certainlywould have involved US use of chemicalweapons too) would have caused many more deaths thanthe atomic bombs could. ( Full Answer )
The Cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The first bomb that was dropped was code named 'Little Boy' it wasdropped on Hiroshima on the 6th Aug 1945, and the second was codenamed 'Fat Man' and it was dropped on Nagasaki on the 9th Aug 1945.