December 14 1417
it closed because of secularization
I would imagine there were farm animals to keep the community supplied with food and clothing. In a sense a churchy Collective Farm. The missions went way beyond what we would… think of as a parsonage, and were really self-contained community centers- which indeed dotted the map of California and developed in many cases,- such as the two end terminals- San Francisco and Los Angeles- Major cities. Almost all, as Church habit would have it- named after saints.
The padre at Mission San Rafael had the job of watching the people and ringing a bell when it was time to eat, work, sleep, etc.
Mission San Rafael was abandoned and was torn down but an artist in San Francisco made a postcard of San Rafael and was rebuilt thanks to him.
For many years, Mission San Francisco de Asis had been plagued by the consequences of the damp and foggy weather which dominated the area. The Indians, especially after being …exposed to a number of diseases, were inclined to waste away as the unfavorable weather retarded their recovery. Mission San Rafael, second most northerly on the El Camino Real and second to the last to be founded, began its existence as an "assistencia", or helper mission to Mission Dolores in San Francisco. Mission Dolores had the highest death rate of any mission at that time. It was believed that the dryer climate of the North Bay would be a better place for sick people. Finding a suitable spot was not an easy task, as the spiritual welfare of the Indians at Mission Dolores was also a cause for concern. Many Indians who came to Mission Dolores from Marin only to return home ill, had died without benifit of the sacraments. Finally, the Father Prefect, SarrÃa, was offered a plan for moving the weaker and more unhealthy neophytes to the warmer hill climate on the sunny north side of the bay. At first, Fr. SarrÃa did not feel that his charges would be able to withstand the temptation of the pagan rancherias, many of which were located In the wilderness of the northern bayside region, and he was inclined to delay his decision. However, when Fr. Luis Gil volunteered to preside over the proposed hospital asistencia in present day Marin County, the father prefect gave his ready approval, for Fr. Gil was versed in medical science.
Most of them did ( Spanish missions) they were self-contained like town community centers and had living quarters, churches, schools, convents and rectories for priests and nu…ns- and often hospitals- in short all of your church-related social needs- as people die off- cemeteries may well have been on the grounds- as was and is the case with the larger Motherhouses of religious orders such as the Convent Station in New Jersey ( Sisters of Charity).
Cows,goats,pigs,chickens all lived at mission San Rafael archangel
The Franciscan religious order- and this mission was probably personally founded by the famed Father Junipero Serra ( unfortunately he was satirized in the comic strip Brother… Juniper- it"s Juniper, not Planet Number 4.) There were and are Fathers ( padres) Brothers ( Friars) and sisters ( nuns, relilgiosas, Hermanas) in this widely-flung order. a Brown habit and a more or less ecological attitude ( such things as Franciscan bird-baths) are staple features.The Franciscans essentially settled and colonized California in the Spanish period.
From the Saint. Spanish missions ( which were run by the Franciscan Friars and Padres- naturally were church-oriented- so are most ( if only in name) of the major cities in Ca…lifornia- from North ( San Francisco) to South ( Ciudad de Los Angeles- or is it Angeles perdidas ( lost angels- divvils, don"t you know) Most Spanish-Colonized cities ( and look at Santa Fe- lit- Holy Faith (yeah, living steel!) well literally under the Cross- , ATSF railway had a cruciform trade-mark!San Rafael expedition of l927- that"s something else- Follow the ships that call not back! It has never been as popular as, say the Titanic or even the Electra Project- both of which ended tragically Dig in to San Rafael!
One assumes you mean the California Mission station- it was founded by the Franciscan Padres (fathers) and largely staffed by these churchmen- who did much to essentially sett…le California- note the fact many towns are named after saints- and the Big One- yes the City of the Angels- some lost ones flapping about, unfortunately!
Mission San Rafael was build as a hospital for the Mission San Francisco de Asis
yes mission san rafael had a fountain.
farmwork built buildings taught language culture farming teceniques and protected the missions pueblos and presidios
they went into battle with freakin enemies