When did president Harry S. Truman decide to use the atomic bomb?
Trueman decided to drop the bomb on Japan because if they did an invasion, the United States would lose more men and Trueman did not want to take that chance.
Harry Truman thought that by dropping the atomic bombs on Japan, hewould save American lives and end World War II faster. He alsowanted to collapse Japan's means to make war again. He believedthat the loss of a few hundred thousand citizens and the completeobliteration of the enemy country's morale …was a far better optionthan the loss of a few million people from both sides combined anda huge consumption of resources in the midst of a protractedinvasion. Also, it was used to intimidate Soviet Russia since theend of the war was nearing and tension was starting to accumulate. Towards the end of WWII, Japan began to fight what they knew was alosing war in the Pacific. But since the Japanese lived by a mottoin which they would die before they were captured by an American,every last battle would be fought until there were no survivors.Seeing this as a useless waste of lives on both the American andJapanese side, Truman made a hard decision and decided to drop theFat Man and Little Boy on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. His reasoning wasthat if he took many lives at once, Hirohito would finally see thatan end was needed to the senseless killing. Thus, on August 6 and 9of 1945, the bombs were dropped. Civilian casualties were huge;however, as Truman had predicted, Hirohito ended Japan'sinvolvement in the war afterwords, making it so that no moreAmerican lives had to be spent. He had already moved toward demanding Japan's unconditionalsurrender; how best to force that surrender was left to be decided.If the war dragged on, there would many more military and civiliancasualties. If the Soviet Union perceived a weakness by the US, itwould be emboldened in its postwar stance in Eastern Europe. Otherdemocracies would be affected by the policies of the US regardingmilitary actions. Truman chose to act, and nuclear bombs were soonseen as too fearsome a weapon to use in "ordinary" wars. As itturned out, the use of nuclear weapons likely influenced theEmperor of Japan to order the war's end. His concern for his peopleeventually outweighed the loss of national prestige. President Truman had two choices: 1) He could drop the bomb and endthe war quickly or 2) He could send waves of infantry towardsJapan. If he decided to send in infantry to attack Japan, manysoldiers would have died for he knew Japan would not give up soeasily. He knew the Japanese would fight to the death. Also, hepartially wanted to follow through with President Roosevelt'spromise after the attack on Pearl Harbor that America would getnothing more than absolute victory. So to save lives and follow apromise, he dropped the bombs. President Harry S. Truman, speech (6th August, 1945) The harnessing of the basic power of the universe. The forcefrom which the sun draws its power has been used against those whobrought war to the Far East. We have spent $2,000,000,000 (about$500,000,000) on the greatest gamble in history, and we havewon. With this bomb we have now added a new and revolutionaryincrease in destruction to supplement the growing power of ourarmed forces. In their present form these bombs are now inproduction and even more powerful forms are in development. Before 1939 it was the accepted belief of scientists that it wastheoretically possible to release atomic energy, but none knew anypractical method of doing it. By 1942 however, we knew the Germanswere working feverishly to find a way to add atomic energy to otherengines of war with which they hoped to enslave the world, but theyfailed. We may be grateful to Providence that the Germans got VI'sand V2's and in limited quantities, and even more grateful thatthey did not get the atomic bomb at all. The battle of the laboratories held fateful risksfor us as well as the battles of the air, land and sea and we havenow won the battle of the laboratories as we have won otherbattles. Before Pearl Harbour, scientific knowledge useful in warwas pooled between the United States and Britain and manypriceless.helps to our victories have come from the arrangement.Under that general policy, research on the atomic bomb was begun.With American and British scientists working together, we enteredthe race of discovery against the Germans. We are now prepared to obliterate more rapidly and completelyevery productive enterprise the Japanese have above ground in anycity. We shall destroy their docks, their factories and theircommunications. Let there be no mistake, we shall completelydestroy Japan's power to make war. It was in spare the Japanese people from utter destruction thatthe ultimatum of July 26 was issued from Potsdam. Their leaderspromptly rejected that ultimatum. If they do not now accept ourterms they may expect a rain of run from the air the like of whichhas never been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack willfollow sea and land forces in such numbers and power as they havenot yet seen and with a fighting skill of which they have alreadybecome well aware. Although workers at the sites have been making thematerials to be used in producing the greatest destructive force inhistory, they have not themselves been in danger beyond that ofmany other occupations for the utmost care has been take for theirsafety. The fact that we can release atomic energy ushers in a newera on man's understanding of nature's forces. I shall recommendthe Congress of the United States to consider promptlyestablishment of an appropriate Commission to control theproduction and use of atomic power within the United States. Ishall give further consideration and make a further recommendationto Congress as to how atomic power can become a powerful andforceful influence towards the maintenance of world peace. At the end of World War II, few questioned Truman's decision todrop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Most Americansaccepted the obvious reasoning: the atomic bombings brought the warto a more timely end. They did not have a problem with over onehundred thousand of the enemy being killed. After all, the Japaneseattacked America, and not the other way around. In later years,however, many have begun to question the conventional wisdom of"Truman was saving lives," putting forth theories of their own.However, when one examines the issue with great attention to theresults of the atomic bombings and compares these results withpossible alternatives to using said bombs, the line between truthand fiction begins to clear. Truman's decision to use the atomicbomb on Japan was for the purpose of saving lives and ending thewar quickly in order to prevent a disastrous land invasion. The people who are now questioning Truman's motives are often knownas Revisionists, because they attempt to revise common perceptionsof history, proposing alternate theories and motives. As early as1946 they begin to postulate new ideas, but their words only beganto receive credence in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Revisionistscontend that Truman either had ulterior motives in the dropping ofthe atomic bombs or that he used these bombs on Japan for anentirely different reason, one that had nothing to do with savinglives. Most people who were alive at the time of the Hiroshima andNagasaki bombings, especially veterans, subscribe to the"traditional" belief that Truman decided to drop the atomic bombson Japan for solely military reasons. A timely end to the war wouldmean that no land invasion of Japan is necessary. Such an invasionwould have been extraordinarily costly in terms of not onlyAmerican lives, but also in terms of Japanese dead. Ending the warquickly would return soldiers to their homes and allow Americans tobegin a life of normality again. The Revisionists, however, believe that Truman had either partiallyor entirely different reasons for bombing Japan. They believe thatthe destruction of two Japanese cities would accomplish severalthings. Most obviously, it would punish the Japanese for thebombing of Pearl Harbor and the atrocious treatment of Americanprisoners of war. Also, an atomic bombing of Japan is also the onlything that would justify the expense of the Manhattan Project. Ifthis expense was not justified, Truman would have faced aCongressional inquiry into the misappropriation of $2 billion. Notonly did he want to avoid Congressional hearings, but he alsowanted another term of office. His chances of reelection would havebeen nil if it were learned by the general public that he wastedmoney and American lives by shelving a weapon that could have endedthe war more quickly. The final Revisionist claim is that Trumanwanted to give the U.S. and edge in the coming Cold War by showingthat he was not afraid to use these weapons of mass destruction.They also say that Truman should have chosen one of the severalavailable ways to compel a Japanese surrender without an atomicbombing of two cities. The most obvious alternative is an Americaninvasion of Japan. Olympic was the code-name given to the plannedAmerican invasion of Kyushu, one of the four Japanese home islands,if an atomic bomb were not available by late October. Two separateestimates exist to rate the number of American casualties thatwould result from such an invasion. A joint war plans committeecomprised of the army and navy came to the conclusion that 46,000Americans would die in an invasion of Kyushu and later Honshu. Thenumber of American wounded averaged three to one during the lateryears of the war, so according to this estimate, 175,000 Americancasualties were not out of the question. However, these figureswere based on such tentative intelligence that George Marshall, thearmy's chief of staff, bluntly rejected them. A second estimate proposed by Admiral Leahy was much higher. Theinvasion of Iwo Jima caused 6,200 American deaths, and the U. S.outnumbered the Japanese by four to one. Okinawa cost 13,000 U. S.servicemen, and they outnumbered the Japanese by two and one-halfto one. These 13,000 men made up more than 35% of the U. S. landingforce. Consequently, Admiral Leahy came to the conclusion that itwas absurd to think that any less than 35% of the American forcethat invaded Japan would be killed. Based on the estimate of560,000 Japanese soldiers on Kyushu as of early August, Leahypredicted that at very minimum over 250,000 American soldiers wouldlie dead as a result of an invasion of the Japanese islands. It was later found that the troop strength on Kyushu was greatlyunder-estimated, and that by August 6 the Japanese had over 900,000men stationed on Kyushu, nearly twice as many as thought. Leahy'sestimates that the Americans would have a preponderance, when infact the 767,000 American soldiers who would comprise the landingforce were already greatly outnumbered three months beforeOperation Olympic was actually to begin. By November, Japanesetroop strength could easily double or triple, making between500,000 and 1,000,000 American deaths conceivable. These numbers do not even begin to account for the Japanese dead.In Okinawa, twice as many Japanese were killed as Americans. It istherefore plausible that between 100,000 (according to the earliestestimate) and two million soldiers would die in an invasion. Thisnumber does not include Japanese civilians dead, which couldconceivably have been even higher than the number of dead soldiers. Also, if Truman had not used the atomic bomb then congress wouldhave raked him over the coals after the war for having wasted the$2,000,000,000 expenditure developing them by not using them toshorten the war! He might even have been impeached! Another very possible reason was that Truman wanted to avoid havingto us the chemical weapons that had been stockpiled on thedeparture islands for use in the invasion of Japan. The effects ofthese chemical weapons are as horrifying as the effects of thebombs that were used, but could not be limited to their targets.Thus there would have been far more collateral damage if he hadused the chemical weapons instead of or in addition to the nuclearweapons. He wanted to quickly end the war in the Pacific without invadingJapan. It was concluded by military leaders that a second atomic bombingthree days after the first would so terrify and disorient theJapanese leadership they would surrender. A secondary reason wasthe physicists who created the bombs wanted to determine whichstyle of bomb would be the most effective -- the plutonium oruranium based weapon. The only actual decision on the use of atomic bombs made byTruman was to stop using them after the first two unless hepersonally authorized more later. Had he not done this, there wasanother one ready that Los Alamos had already shipped and couldhave been dropped sometime around August 25. The reactors atHanford could produce enough Plutonium for three bombs every month,and by switching to a composite Plutonium/Uranium core beginning inNovember seven bombs could be made every month (these plans werealready in place by June). Even if we hadn't of dropped the atomic bomb, Hiroshima andNagasaki would still have been targets for attack. This is becauseHiroshima was a large industrial city that contained the 2ndJapanese Army Headquarters, which was in charge of all the defensesystems in Southern Japan; Hiroshima also had communication centersfor armies, storage points, and troop assemblies. Small industrialplants were also in the outskirts of the city. As for Nagasaki, itwas the largest fully operational sea port in Southern Japan, whichproduced ships, equipment, and relief supplies. He stated that he needed to end the war and collapse Japan's means to make war never again. (MORE)
Actually FDR made the decision to drop the atomic bomb prior to hisdeath, Truman did not even know of the atomic bomb at the time thisdecision was made. When he was informed of the atomic bomb afterFDR's death he only decided to continue all of FDR's decisions andpolicies without change. The Army Ai…r Forces implemented FDR'sdecision in an order to drop the bombs "as soon as they becameavailable". Truman's only actual decision on the use of the atomic bomb was to stop dropping them after the Japanese indicated theirwillingness to surrender on August 14. Truman continued his policy against the further use of atomic bombsby firing General MacArthur as soon as he proposed their use duringthe Korean War and replacing him with General Ridgway. (MORE)
Answer 1 . Harry Truman. Answer 2 Additional Input . Harry S. Truman did not order , the dropping of the atomic bombs. He did approve the order of the "War Department" [now known as the Department of Defense].
If Truman never dropped the atom bomb, we would have to invade Japan. That would have lost thousands of American lives. That saved all those lives...za
Dwight David Eisenhower was the US President after Harry S. Truman. Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 January 20 to 1961 January 20.
Harry Truman's justification was that he did it to save the lives of our American soldiers and to end the War between us and the Japanese. He decided to bomb Nagasaki and Hiroshima so that the Japanese would give up. He bombed two giant cities with people who had nothing to do with the war and who w…ere just trying to live instead of hitting the Japanese hard where it hurts, their military. The atomic bomb killed hundreds of thousands of innocent Japanese people instead of attacking their military with people who were ready to die. Japanese attacked our military not our cities with millions of innocent people. Harry Truman had no justification for that. (MORE)
to demonstrate U.S. power to the Soviet Union. President Truman stated that he needed to end the war and collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
The cost in lives of the US military in the invasion of the Japanese mainland.
What was President Harry Truman decisionto use the atomic bomb on japan was based on his belief that?
The invasion of mainland Japan would result in 2 more years of fighting and over 1 million American casualties. After studying the battles for Iwo Jima and Okinawa, this figure was very conservative.
He was faced with the choice of using the Bomb or of ordering a conventional invasion of mainland Japan, which The Pentagon estimated would cost up to a million Allied lives. Because the number of casualties in the Far East had already been horrifically high, and because the Japanese military were k…nown to be extremely cruel to their captors, he regarded the conventional option as unacceptable. (MORE)
No he thought it was the best solution and would save millions of american lives, along with the lives of allied troops. He fully supported the idea of dropping the bomb fully.
This is a huge debatable question. Personally, I would say no as I think the Atomic Bomb killed morepeople than if the US didn't use it. The only good thing about itthat not a single allied troop were killed and it resulted Japan tosurrender but it left a huge scar onto Japan.
Truman took office on April 12, 1945 when Roosevelt died and served until January 20, 1953 when Eisenhower became the new president. . The 33rd President of the United States was Harry S. Truman from April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953 From 12 April 1945 until 20 January 1953.
In the Battle of Okinawa, the Japanese solders fought and died for a hopeless cause until they completely ran out of ammunition. Harry Truman realized the Japanese would not surrender as long as they had one bullet. He decided a lot fewer lives would be lost, both American and Japanese, with the ato…m bomb than with an invasion of Japan. (MORE)
It depends upon your point of view. Some would argue that he did, in order to save the lives of a million Allied servicemen that would have been lost had mainland Japan been taken via conventional invasion. Others would say that he didn't, because of the horrendous nature of nuclear weapons and the …untold suffering that was inflicted upon an innocent civilian population.. My own feeling is that he was very wrong to permit the use of the two atomic bombs, because they caused such appalling suffering to the innocent- Japan could simply have been contained within it's own borders after it had been driven out of the nations it was occupying, until there was an internal coup or the economy collapsed. However, it has to be up to you to weigh up the arguments and reach your own decision. (MORE)
According to www.Trumanlibrary.org, ". . . the "S" did not stand for any name but was a compromise between the names of his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young. He was later heard to say that the use of the period dated after 1962 as well as before."
Having found the [atomic] bomb we have used it. We have used it against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have starved and beaten and executed American prisoners of war, against those who have abandoned all pretense of obeying international laws of warfare. We …have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans. -Harry Truman- (MORE)
If you were in the position of the US President Harry Truman explain what action you would have taken with respect to the atomic bombs?
I would launch the 1946 invasion as planned. If in January 1947 Japan still hasn't fallen drop both bombs on Tokyo.
President Truman had multiple reasons for ordering the nuclearstrikes on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The primary reason was toquickly end the war through overwhelming force of these weaponsthus avoiding the need for potentially hundreds of thousands ofAmerican casualties from invasion into the Japanese …home islands. (MORE)
He and the Presidential Cabinet hoped it would prevent an invasion on the mainland of Japan by the Russians and Western Allied Forces. . He was really hoping to save millions of Japanese lives and the lives of the allied forces. . He prayed and hoped the Emperor Hirohito would surrender when he fi…gured out the US could annihilate his country. . Hirohito surrendered to save the throne and the Empire. He went against the Japanese Military leaders who would never surrender. (MORE)
it was basically a choice of dropping the bombs and winning or to keep island hopping and losing millions of USA soldiers lives.
There were no more atomic bombs to drop. Further, the Japanese government had already sued for peace.
wanted to defeat Japan after their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and wanted to end the war.
Truman knew nothing of the Manhattan Project or the bomb until after he was sworn in as president. It was extremely secret. He did know, however, that the US military was already planning for the invasions of the first of the Home Islands of Japan, with one landing projected for November 1945, an…d another for March, 1946. Estimates were that there might be as many as one million American casualties in the first of these. And, it was assumed that all the Japanese would die. The military would either fight until exterminated, or commit suicide, and the civilians would try to fight or commit suicide as well. There had been mass suicides of Japanese civilians on Saipan and Okinawa, people throwing their children off cliffs and leaping after, rather than be overrun by the Americans. So, when Truman was told of the bomb program and its potential, he had to think about it. Finally, he realized that when it became known that the US had developed and possessed a weapon which might have won the war, but that he had ordered it not to be used, instead sending hundreds of thousands of Americans to their deaths, to say nothing of the millions of Japanese, that the American people would have his head. After weighing it out, he came to the conclusion that the bombs had to be tried, if it was possible this might shock the Japanese into surrendering their hopeless war, rather than have the war degenerate into a complete bloodbath. As he said to an aide upon making the decision, using the bomb " was right", under the conditions then existing. Everybody wishes it had not been necessary, and today there is a tendency to blame Truman or try to read evil into the decision. This perception flows from ignorance of the type of war Japan had carried on for four years, their stubborn refusal to give in, and their inevitable fight to the very last man for every flyspeck island. The next islands were the Japanese homeland, and the Japanese were expected to fight ten times harder for those. They had just demonstrated on Iwo Jima and Okinawa that the closer the US approached to their homeland, the more fanatical their defense. (MORE)
Sure, he ordered those bombs dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He knew about them since the research.
President Truman stated that he wanted to end the war and collapse Japan's means to make war.
Because he didn't have the bomb at the beguining of the war. The president along with most Americans wanted revenge.
He decided that he could save many service men by dropping the bombs and that it will end the war.
1. To end the war with Japan without wasting any more lives in combat. 2. To allow Allied air support to drop medical supplies and food to Chinese suffering from the Japanese occupation. This saved millions of innocent lives, much more than were lost to the bombings. 3. I think that is reason en…ough. (MORE)
He didn't. He was advised on that respect by scientist from around the world during world war two meaning he found out after being elected President.
He gave the order to use them to end the war and collapse Japan's means to make war.
So they would surrender, but they had already surrendered. My grandad told me they just wanted to test it. He should know he captured the last high ranked solider in the japs army. When I say captured he fell on to his own sword instead of being captured
Both the Battles of Iwo Jima & Okinawa convinced President Truman that invading the homeland of Japan might cost as many as a million Allied lives! Russia had just entered the War in the Pacific since VE-Day and with day-round bombing by B-29's with no avail, plus the Kamakaze factor: the President …felt best to use the latest weapon technology! (MORE)
That is a simple no. The economics grew as the war brought jobs and he had a good revenge.
The war that was going on had the higher casualties of all the wars. President Truman wanted to end the war and to collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
He stated that he needed to end the war and collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
He ordered the atomic bombs dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This is how he showed the atomic bombs.
He stated that he wanted to end the war and collapse Japan's means to make war.
He felt it was a better choce than having an estimated 1 million Allied soldiers die invading Japan.
Truman did not go through much in deciding. He was a ww1 veteran so he tired of war, United States had lost to many service members and sending more troops to Japan's main land would be many lives lost.
The same day they were ready Truman had the decision. The people were ok with it.
That's a great question and difficult to answer. With most historical events, it depends on perspective. While most Americans support the decision, I would guess that a significant number of Japanese might feel differently. Given the factors of a costly war, an implacable enemy and a new technology,… I think history will show the decision to bomb Hiroshima was justified. But I spoke with a Japanese gentleman who had lived through it and he felt the second bomb was unnecessary. The people of Japan had barely enough time to register what had happened before the second device was detonated three days later over Nagasaki. (MORE)
the war was over but japan was still fighting against the U.s an they would not stop so we decided to droop atomic boob to see if they would stop but they still keep going so we did it again MY AP World teacher just went over his for my class
What was President Harry S. Truman decided to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War 2?
President Harry S. Truman wanted to save as many possible American lives. Another reason why was because he didn't want to do an invasion on Japan because he knew that it would cost thousands of American lives.
If you mean the cities, he did not pick them he left them up to his generals from a preselected list of about half a dozen. Nagasaki was a secondary target picked by the flight crew as the primary was clouded over.
No- he ORDERED the use of the Atomic bombs. The bombs were actually dropped by the bombadier of each of the two aircraft.
The need to end the war and to collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
The alternative to the A-bomb would be a long series of battles, hopping from one well-fortified island beachhead to another. Each battle would cost many lives, destroy much expensive equipment and take considerable time, maybe years.
What was the most significance factor in president Harry S Trumans decision to drop atomic bombs on japan?
He could have waited on Japan to die a horrible death because of hunger. Dropping the bomb was actually more humane.