Who is the first american physicist in charge of the development of the first atomic bomb?
The plane was a B-29 Superfortress called "Enola Gay" It was named after Enola Gay Tibbet; who was the mother of the plane's pilot, Paul Tibbet.
The first blueprint for the weapon was written in Britain and how the first feasibility studies were carried out at British universities by British scientists. He told how all the data and discoveries were given freely and promptly to the Americans, even before they entered the war, and how in 1941 …Winston Churchill established a British A-bomb programme. Then, as the vastly bigger US Manhattan Project got under way after Pearl Harbor, Perrin explained how most of Britain's top bomb scientists transferred to the United States. Britain and the Atomic Bomb , as Perrin's hurried summary was entitled, was a valiant flag-flying effort and it had some impact on postwar opinion in Britain, but in the wider world it was comprehensively outgunned. Today, besides a few earnest historians, few people anywhere think of the A-bomb as anything other than an American creation. ___________________ No one person 'developed and introduced' the atomic bomb. Work on a possible atomic bomb ran concurrently in Germany and Britain from the late 1930s onwards. However, it only became viable with the Manhattan Project. ( Full Answer )
The first nuclear weapon was constructed by the US in the first half of 1945. This weapon, which was set atop a tower (static test) and code-name Trinity, was detonated on July 16, 1945. The second and third weapons were built later in the year, and these were the pair that was dropped on Japan.
Dr. Albert Einstein designed the first atomic bomb, developed the formula for its detonation, and was instrumental in giving the ability to explode it to President Harry Truman. The first one was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, and the second one on Nagasaki, Japan, bringing an end to WWII. Dr. Einstei…n's famous formula is E=MC 2, which means Energy equals Mass times the speed of light squared. ( Full Answer )
The first atomic bomb was created in the USA during the Second World War (Manhattan Project).
Hiroshima, Japan was the first city in history to suffer a nuclear attack on August 6, 1945. Nagasaki was attacked with a nuclear weapon three days later. These are the only two nuclear weapons used in anger.
Answer At Trinity Site, White Sands Missle Range. New Mexico about 35 miles souteast of Socorro. . Technically, the Trinity test did not use a bomb. "The Gadget", as it was known, was a full nuclear plutonium implosion design assembly, but did not have any of the normal bomb components; thus, it …wasn't encased in an aerodynamic shell, have any of the required electronic aerial detonation trigger components, or any of the rest of parts which were required to make a fully-functioning weapon. Rather, it was just the nuclear core explosive device itself, and used an external command trigger (essentially, a wired detonation signal from a bunker several miles away). Thus, to be completely (pedantically) accurate, the first atomic bomb explosion was on the first combat use, at Hiroshima, Japan, on 6 August 1945. ( Full Answer )
The first bomb dropped on Hiroshima was nicknamed Little Boy, the second bomb which was dropped on Nagasaki was nick named Fat Man
Trinity test, 5 foot diameter sphere . Hiroshima, 4 foot diameter 10 foot length . Nagasaki, 5 foot diameter 10 foot length
the first US delivered atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima from a B29 superfortress nicknames the Enola Gay. It was piloted by Capt Paul Tibbets.
The first nuclear bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan on 6 August 1945. this was the gun-type weapon codenamed Little Boy. Three days later, 9 August 1945, the third nuclear detonation in history occurred over Nagasaki, Japan, with the dropping of the implosion type device, Fat Man. The first nu…clear detonation in history occurred at the Trinity test site outside Alamogordo, New Mexico on 16 July 1945. ( Full Answer )
The US tested one atomic bomb in the United States (in the desert), before using two against the Japanese in August 1945. The attacks on Hiroshima & Nagasaki were carried out, allegedly, to convince the Japanese Army leaders (who ran Japan) to accept the terms of surrender demanded by the Allies. Ho…wever it had been discussed that dropping such a weapon over Japan's Inland Sea as a demonstration would have had the same effect and thus the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a cynical act to test the weapons in war conditions. ( Full Answer )
There probably won't be a consensus, but many scientists would agree that Sir Issac Newton was the first person to "do things" that a physicist does.\n. \nYou might argue it was Galileo, or Archimedes, or any one of several possible Asian or Middle Eastern scientists from hundreds of years ago, but… the latter tended to be burned alive by fanatical Islamists before they could really get going, so it's hard to say that a non-Western scientist was the first physicist. ( Full Answer )
Many scientific and military experts, including the general in charge, Leslie Groves, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, who headed the Manhattan Project.
The Gadget , a MK-III plutonium implosion device exploded July 16, 1945 in a design proof test on the Jornada del Muerto in what is now White Sands Missile Range, NM.
Hey. Well during world war 2, Japan started taking over the Pacific area. This included invading China, part of Russia, Indonesia, and a failed atempt to invad Australia. Then they started attacking America in 1941 (pearl Harbour) So America went to war with Japan. then Germany and Italy were defeat…ed, and Japan didnt give up. It was a powerful empire and America desided to use atom bombs. They dropped two, one on Hiroshima, and one on Nagasaki. After that, the powerful Japan surrenderd ( Full Answer )
it was invented in ww2 when USA atomic bombed two cities in japan.Hiroshima and Nagasaki.this attack caused japan to surrender,and ww2 to be over
\nThe first atomic bomb used in war was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The delivery method was via an airplane named the 'Enola Gay'.
After the Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor, the Allies bombed Japanese cities including Tokyo. In 1943, the Allies won the Battle of Midway. Shortly after joining WWII (1942) the US started a top secret project known as the Manhattan Project. Led by American scientist J. Oppenheimer, the team worked… for 3 years to build an atomic bomb. After officials successfully tested the bomb, they told the Japanese to surrender, or they would face destruction. The Japanese refused to give in. On August 6, 1945, The B-29 bomber 'Enola Gay' dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. They still didn't surrender so another atomic bomb was dropped. On August 14, Japan surrendered. Long story short, the Japanese wouldn't surrender so they dropped the atomic bomb. The Japanese still didn't surrender so they dropped another atomic bomb killing more people and they finally surrendered on August 14. ( Full Answer )
Wedges of the metal Plutonium were assembled into a ball shape, and surrounded by explosives. When the explosives detonated, they crushed the ball into a smaller, denser ball, triggering a nuclear fission reaction. This changes Plutonium into other materials, and releases huge amounts of energy very… quickly. However, the first atomic bomb used in war was a different design. A "bullet" of Uranium 235 metal was fired down a gun barrel into a larger mass of Uranium 235. When the two pieces of Uranium were rapidly brought together, the nuclear fission reaction began. ( Full Answer )
U.S., in Manhattan Project, technical director J. Robert Oppenheimer, manager General Leslie R. Groves, and a cast of thousands (including my grandfather A.A.C., who as an ordinary construction worker with no clearance at all, at Hanford, Washington, observing some of their strange activities later …repeatedly made the statement: "I can't understand how our government can be so wasteful in time of war, they repeatedly dug huge trenches, filled them with perfectly good usable jeeps, office equipment, and other things then buried them. What a waste!") ( Full Answer )
The city of Hiroshima was the first place to have an atomic bomb dropped over against mankind.
United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Japan Second Answer: The Enola Gay was a B-29 superfortress flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets. The Plane was named after his mother Enola Gay Tibbets. The bomb was dropped on August, 6 1945 on the city of Hiroshima Japan.
The names Little Boy & Fat Man were military codenames, picked originally so that if they leaked to the enemy might sound like they were designing a custom airplane to carry FDR (Little Boy) & Churchill (Fat Man). The general codename for Fat Man practice bombs carrying no plutonium was Pump…kin bombs. Several of these were dropped on Japanese cities in late july and early august to keep the crews in practice before the live bombs arrived. ( Full Answer )
August 6, 1945. The MK-I bomb codenamed Little Boy wasdropped over Hiroshima, killing about 66,000 people instantly.
The first atomic bomb detonated was the Trinity Test Bomb on July 16, 1945. It had the estimated explosive power eqivalent of 20,000 Tons of TNT. It was identical to the bomb dropped on Nagasaki 3 weeks later. The Hiroshima bomb was of a different design and was about 15,000 Tons equvalent.
The US, in 1952 tested the first hydrogen bomb in the Ivy Mike shot. However being 80 feet tall and 20 feet in diameter with 2 foot thick steel walls and a delicate triple thermos-bottle suspended inside to hold the cryogenic liquid deuterium-tritium mixture, it was far from a weapon. The USSR, …in 1953 air drop tested a dry fueled bomb with partial but limited fusion yield that they referred to as a "type of hydrogen bomb". This was mostly a propaganda weapon. The US, in 1954 tested the first dry fueled hydrogen bomb having the same mechanism as the Ivy Mike shot, the Teller-Ulam staged configuration , in a size that could be carried by airplane in the Castle Bravo shot. The US Castle Romeo device (very similar to Bravo) was the first dry fueled air droppable Teller-Ulam staged configuration fusion bomb, fielded initially in early 1955 in an emergency configuration that would destroy the bomber as well as the target as the EC-17 bomb. EC-17 bombs were replaced with MK-17 bombs in 1956, that added a parachute to give the bomber time to escape the blast. ( Full Answer )
It was first dropped on people in Hiroshima, Japan, August 6th, 1945, then Nagasaki, Japan, August 9th, 1945, both by the US. However, the first test was in New Mexico (again by the US), but there the people were told that it was going to happen.
Hiroshima, the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the ChÅ«goku region of western HonshÅ«, the largest island of Japan.
Niels Bohr, one of the main developers of quantum mechanics in the 1920s & 1930s.
Atomic bombs are crated for shipment. It makes them simpler to transport.. Or did you perhaps mean created ?.
Although there was no doubt that the Hiroshima gun barrel uranium design would work, there were some doubts and unanswered questions re the spherical plutonium implosion design that were resolved by the Trinity test.
Yes. America tested the first atomic bomb in New Mexico, then dropped two on Japan to effectively end World War 2. Russia began testing atomic bombs in 1949 and many other nations have also tested them. No one besides America has used them in war.
The events that took place in a remote area of New Mexico during the predawn hours of July 16, 1945 forever changed the world. In the early morning darkness the incredible destructive powers of the atom were first unleashed and what had been merely theoretical became reality. There you have it :)… The first atomic bomb blast was in 1945. ( Full Answer )
The Trinity test site in what is now the northeast corner of White Sands Missile Range in NM.
The USA created the first atomic bomb in New Mexico in the closing stages of World War Two. They used it to defeat Japan.
"Little Boy" is the nick name given to the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.
16th July 1945 was the first atomic explosion, at the White Sands Testing Facility near Alamogordo, New Mexico, USA.
All the early atomic bombs were 10 feet long, the length of the longest bomb that fit in the B-29 bombbay.
During world war 2, America used 2 atomic bombs on Japan. add . At Alamogordo in New Mexico, the first atomic bomb was exploded on July 16 1945.
A man named Enrico Fermi. Enrico Fermi was a member of the scientific team that was working on the Manhattan Project.
The first nuclear explosive tested was code named Gadget . July 16, 1945. . The first nuclear bomb dropped was code named Little Boy . August 6, 1945. It remains unknown when the first atom bomb was created.
Because Leo Szilard wrote a letter to FDR and had Einstein sign it, warning that the Germans might do it first.
The answer most people are looking for is Robert Oppenheimer . But this is incomplete at best. There was a gigantic effort by the US to develop the Atomic Bomb (The Manhattan Project). This project used hundreds of scientist and thousands of people to develop the first Atomic Bomb. The Manhat…tan Project was implemented by President Franklin Roosevelt in no small part due to two letters sent to him by Albert Einstein. In these letters, Mr. Einstein refers to the work being done by Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard . The Manhattan Project was assigned to General Leslie Groves. He in turn recruited theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer to lead the "army" of scientists in the development of "the gadget" -- code name for the Atomic Bomb. So, who was the first scientist to develop the Atomic Bomb? - Robert Oppenheimer directly led a group of about 100 scientists that developed the first working device. - Enrico Fermi was the first to design a theoretical device that could be an Atomic Bomb - Leo Szilard was the first to propose the feasibility and destructive power of such a device (for the Allies) and warned of the possibility that German scientists may already be working on such a device. - Albert Einstein first proposed that enormous amounts of energy could be extracted from just a small amount of matter (e=mcÂ²). He also used his fame to get President Roosevelt's attention to the possibility of an Atomic Bomb. Other scientist that helped develop the groundwork for the bomb are Niels Bohr (Theoretical Physics), Marie Curie (Discovered Radium) and Otto Frisch. Otto Frisch is credited as discovering fission which is the reaction that makes an atomic bomb possible. ( Full Answer )
No single person can be credited with discovering the atomic bomb. It was a team of scientists
Yes, the bomb was dropped on 6 august 1945 while the Nagasaki bomb was dropped the 9th.
There were two, one on august 6 1945 and the other on the 9 th .
To end the last and hopefully final World War. We also took over Japan's military and now own it, because we cannot ever trust them because they murdered innocent people with a surprise attack on pearl harbor. If someone broke into your house and tried to murder your family, would you protect yourse…lf against that so it would never happen again? well basically the United States was invaded by the Japs and it forever changed the history of the world. ( Full Answer )
The only nation who used the bomb against man kind is the United States in August 6 and 9 1945 on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.
The United States: Since 1942, more than 100,000 scientists of the Manhattan Project had been working on the bomb's development. At the time, it was the largest collective scientific effort ever undertaken. It involved 37 installations across the US, 13 university laboratories and a host of prestigi…ous participants such as the Nobel prizewinning physicists Arthur Holly Compton and Harold Urey. Directed by the Army's chief engineer, Brigadier General Leslie R. Groves, the Manhattan Project was also the most secret wartime project in history. At first, scientists worked in isolation in different parts of the US, unaware of the magnitude of the project in which they were involved. Later, the project was centralized and moved to an isolated laboratory headed by physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer in Los Alamos, New Mexico. On 16 July 1945, scientists carried out the first trial of the bomb in the New Mexico desert. President Truman received news of the successful test whilst negotiating the post-war settlement in Europe at the Potsdam Conference. = Although voices within the US Military expressed caution regarding the use of the new weapon against Japan, Truman was convinced that the bomb was the correct and only option. Six months of intense strategic fire-bombing of 37 Japanese cities had done little to break the Hirohito regime's resolve, and Japan continued to resolutely ignore the demand for unconditional surrender made at Potsdam. In such circumstances, the use of the atom bomb was seen as the best means of forcing Japan to surrender, and ending the war. The alternative, of an Allied invasion of the Japanese home islands, was expected to cost hundreds of thousands of casualties. = The effects of the attack were devastating. The predicted Japanese surrender, which came on 15 August - just six days after the detonation over Nagasaki - ended World War II. Yet the shocking human effects soon led many to cast doubts upon the use of this weapon. The first western scientists, servicemen and journalists to arrive on the scene produced vivid and heartrending reports describing a charred landscape populated by hideously burnt people, coughing up and urinating blood and waiting to die. ( Full Answer )