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Why do you think fascism as described by Mussolini appealed to many Italians at this time?
Il Duce. (Pronounced eel doochey)
It promised order in a time of uncertainty
He did promise employment, food and pride in their nation, combined with combined with the economy that would be stable and growing
He had a charming personality, found a way to blame someone (non-Italians) for Italy's economic problems, and promised to get rid of the Treaty of Versailles, which many peopl…e were against.
Because it included more aspects of everyday life for the average person. Introduced in the Song dynasty. Source(s):Asian studies major
Fascism and totalitarianism are based on fear. Mussolini took control of all communications, and his black shirts patrolled the streets. It was a simple but effective system w…hich has since been implemented in other countries, even before Fascism. Mussolini was inspired by the Roman Empire
In my opinion, it was a reasonable alternative to monarchies and communism. It presented a way for a nation to organize in unison behind one cultural, national identity. Y…ou have to remember, after World War 1 and the great depression, much of Europe was in economic turmoil and was willing to latch onto ANY glimmer of hope that would pull their country out of their situations.
In 1943 Mussolini was still in control of the Repubblica di Salo' but the war was still going on and it was going to be lost. The few that strongly believed in the fascist ide…ology were eventually overwhelmed by the feeling of the people, sick and tired of a long war. So in the end the only reason why the people turn on Mussolini is the same reason why mice leave the ship before it sinking. Its easier to turn large amount of people on the concepts of fear of death. If you weren't fascist you would be killed, once Mussolini and Hitler lost, if you were a fascist you would have been killed. But again, Mussolini predicted it in his will talks about how the people are going to turn on him and how politics its hard because one is trying to grasp people emotion which are changeable, and so "Mutevolissimo è lo spirito degli italiani" ( changeable are the emotions of the Italian people). So honestly the only reason why the people turn on him, is because it was the best course of action for their survival at the time. Today in modern Italy one of the most sold application for iPhone is iMussolini ( all the speeches he gave). Well hope this helps. Cheers FB
Mussolini killed 500,000 people.
There were a lot of differences (especially in the beginning before Italy became dependent upon their alliance with Germany and changed to be more Nazi-like). In fact, N…azism and fascism are quite different. Nazism is basicly Hitler's racist ideas draped in with some fascist polices and ideas to make them seem more like a philosophy. But three glaring differences were: 1) Fascism was not racist or anti-Semetic (e.g. the Italian Fascist party had a higher percentage of Jews in it than the general population of Italy; Fascism considered "race" to be a matter of culture, not biology. Looking at race this way, white, black, American Indian, Hispanic and Asian Americans are all of the same "race" because they share the same culture.) 2) Nazism developed and stressed the Fuehrerprinzip (Leader-Principle). This said, in essence, that the Leader was the country. Only he could interpret what the country wanted/needed. His words was in effect law; and his opinion was truth. Fascism, although it did stress a powerful Government, did not put that sort of emphasis on a single person. (But that was definitely changeing by the end of the war.) 3) As stated above, Nazism developed out of Hitler (and others of course) racist ideals and concept that race and race-competition drove history. Fascism, on the other hand, developed out of socialist-anarchism.
the fear of communism--leaders in Germany and Italy had seem what Communism had done to Russia, with the Red Terror and Stalin and everything. They needed a way for the …government to control capitalism more directly because of their failing economies caused by post-war stress. The two options were Communism and Fascism, and Italy and Germany chose Fascism out of fear of turning into another Russia.
Well all in all yes. Yes fascist economics improved the Italian economy. Fascist economics aren't really radical at all as many might think. Mussolini aligned himself with… industrial interest and forged alliances with Italian capitalist. Mussolini had no real economic plan,but reacted to changing situations. Mussolini's economic goals were simple,1 modernize Italy's backward economy,2 remedy Italy's lack of natural resources. Making a alliance of industrialist,workers and the state, Pro-corporatism all in all. First hand Mussolini reformed the highly abused tax system, dis-oped of inefficient state owned industry, cut government costs, and introduced tariffs to protect the new industries. Development available domestic resources, and aggressive commercial policies searching aggressively for raw material trade deals and to solve Italy's resources problem committed strategic colonization,Libya and Ethiopia. Life insurance was shifted to private enterprise. For his first years in power from 1922-1926 he adapted a liberal economic policy,however the liar declined and the liberal policy's dropped. From 1927 on wards Mussolini adapted Italy into a corporation state. Massive work programs to gain popularity, massive construction of roads, including in the countryside. Also, drained massive swamps and confuted them into roads and railroads. Italy's economy improved slowly overtime and by the great depression came in 1929 Italy fared off more than any industrialized nation. Italy's massive industrialization and to bring capitalism into fascist ideology paved the way by the 1930's to a spike in the Italian economy. Mussolini became admired throughout the world for Italy dodging the worldwide economic depression of the early 1930's. Admired by men from Churchill, Roosevelt, and Hitler. His intense nationalism, declaring roman Catholicism as Italy's official religion and the Independence of Vatican city, united the Italian people behind him, even much of Italy's far left came to respect him to,mostly because of his socialist upbringing in his youth. Italy's baby boom of the 1920's,1930's and 1940's was the pure responsibility of Mussolini's fertility program. By the mid 1930's more of the Italian economy was invested into the Armed Forces. Though, Italy suffered a economic boycott after his invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, except for Germany,Islamic nations,other poorer European nations who couldn't afford not to do business with Italy. So, Mussolini just incorporated capitalism into fascist ideology, and just his own spin on it.
Italian socialists who differed with the main-line Socialist Party's anti-war (WWI) stance as well as hard-line nationalists. Also, many Fascists were war veterans. Fascism wa…s a strange, convoluted mixture of right-wing symbolism (nationalism, respect for figure of authority) with a left-wing execution (totalitarian rule, view that elites have an enlightened dedication to the common good).
First,Its very important to understand that Mussolini was very envious and jealous of Hitlers success as a politician and later as a conquerer. Second, Benito and Hitler share…d similar goals. Musolin desired for Italy to return to the glory of the Roman Empire Era. Third, Benitos cooperation with Hitler, provided Hitler with a staging area, airfields, and ports to mount offensive operations into Africa and Mediteranian area. Fourth, Italys military could only succesfully conduct limited military operations and Hitler understood this (better than Mussolini). But Hitler knew that even the Italians could protect his southern Flank by using Italys vast mountain ranges, until Germany could reinforce Italy.
Answer Prime Minister King Victor Emmanuel had decided to use the Grand Council meeting to remove Mussolini as dictator and replace him with Marshal Pietr…o Badoglio. On Saturday, 24 July 1943, Fascits Party Secretary Carlo Scorza opened the meeting and after 9 hours of debate, a roll-call vote was taken by the 26 members. The resolution won with 19 votes and Mussolini resigned upon the urging of the King. After the end of the war, Alcide De Gasperi was selected as Prime Minister and served during some turbulent times. He served through eight successive Christian Democratic governments. Kingdom of Savoy Victor Emmanuel III became king of Italy when his father was assassinated in 1900. His son, Umberto de Salvoia was born the Prince of Piedmont. Following the overthrow of Benito Mussolini in 1943, King Victor Emmanuel handed over his constitutional functions to Umberto, who was made Lieutenant General of the Realm, and the King left Italy for Egypt. But Umberto did not ascend to the throne until 1946 as Umberto II. A referendum was held in 1946 only weeks after Umberto had become king. The ballot was somewhat questionable but the final outcome was in favor of a Republic. The monarchy formally ended on June 12, 1946--- Umberto II was king for only 33 days.
Italians supported fascism because it promoted Italian nationalism and the expansion of Italian territories. They wanted to restore Italy to the place of prominence it hel…d during the time of Ancient Rome.